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Quantitative Impact of Climate Variations on Groundwater in Southern Italy

  • D. DucciEmail author
  • M. Polemio
Conference paper
Part of the Environmental Earth Sciences book series (EESCI)

Abstract

The variability of precipitation and temperature, the combined effect of which determines a decreasing trend of recharge, is critic for groundwater resources due to the overlapping with the increasing exploitation. In Campania, from the eighties to 2008 precipitation has decreased, not uniformly in the whole region; now the trend seems increasing, but this trend is highly influenced by the period 2008–2011, very rainy. In Apulia, the decreasing trend of rainfall is notable after 1980: the droughts of 1988–92 and 1999–2001 appear to be exceptional. The Apulian piezometric trend of the last 40 years highlights the dramatic decrease of groundwater availability. This remarkable lowering defines a widespread quantity degradation. The situation severity of groundwater resources is worsened by the effects on the quality of groundwater resources due to the salinization of the wide coastal aquifers of the whole Southern Italy.

Keywords

Climate change Groundwater resources Southern italy 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to show our gratitude to IAHS who provided permission to use the Figures/Table from Polemio et al. 2009.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of CivilArchitectural and Environmental Engineering, University of Naples Federico IINaplesItaly
  2. 2.Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection (CNR-IRPI)BariItaly

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