Chapter 3 De Todo un Poco: Cultural Consumption in Modern Global Manila, 1848–1898
This chapter investigates the Manila cultural soundscape in the middle of the nineteenth century a time during which European music theatre companies continued to arrive in Southeast Asia. The pattern of cultural consumption intensified in Manila and neighbouring cities, as the region was further integrated in the global theatre and music network—driven by the transcontinental steamship passages accelerated by the new Suez Canal route. Manila became an important cultural nexus and destination of travelling theatre and music companies that found an avid market for season subscription tickets, and an already modernising theatre infrastructure. In just over a decade Manila developed home-grown locally organised opera and zarzuela companies.