The Bioeconomy of Microalgal Biofuels

  • Kun Peng
  • Jiashuo Li
  • Kailin Jiao
  • Xianhai Zeng
  • Lu Lin
  • Sharadwata Pan
  • Michael K. Danquah
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Biofuels such as biodiesel and bioethanol, synthesized via microalgal bioprocess engineering, could be a major contributor to the purview of sustainable energy in the foreseeable future. In contrast to other biomass feedstocks like corn, sugar crops, and vegetable oil, microalgae display a number of significantly superior benefits as a raw material for biofuel manufacturing. This includes an enhanced metabolic rate of biomass production, subsistence of diverse microalgae species with sundry biochemical profiles, prospects for carbon dioxide sequestration, and either limited or near absolute monopoly from the perspective of food production modalities and logistics. However, attributing to a wide range of factors, for instance the insipid characteristic of microalgal cultures, and the fact that microalgae cells possess trivial sizes, the process of biomass production and subsequent conversion into biofuels become prohibitively expensive. As a consequence, from an economic outlook, the large-scale production of biofuels from microalgae achieves a somewhat less appealing status, compared to the other biomass types and sources. The current chapter delivers an outline of the bioeconomy analysis for microalgae-derived biofuels. In addition, case studies on microalgal biofuel production are presented along with cost estimations and the necessary strategies to augment its commercial viability.

Keywords

Techno-economic assessment Biofuel production Microalgae-based biofuels 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The current work is jointly financed by the research program from the Science and Technology Bureau of Xiamen City in China (3502Z20151254), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, HUST (2016YXMS043, 2016YXZD007), Xiamen University (20720160077), China.

Supplementary material

437787_1_En_7_MOESM1_ESM.docx (34 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 33 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kun Peng
    • 1
  • Jiashuo Li
    • 1
    • 5
  • Kailin Jiao
    • 2
  • Xianhai Zeng
    • 2
    • 4
  • Lu Lin
    • 2
    • 4
  • Sharadwata Pan
    • 6
  • Michael K. Danquah
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of New Energy Science and Engineering, School of Energy and Power EngineeringHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  2. 2.College of EnergyXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  3. 3.Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and ScienceCurtin UniversitySarawakMalaysia
  4. 4.Fujian Engineering and Research Center of Clean and High-Valued Technologies for BiomassXiamen UniversityXiamenChina
  5. 5.State Key Laboratory of Coal CombustionHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina
  6. 6.School of Life Sciences WeihenstephanTechnical University of MunichFreisingGermany

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