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Operative Procedures

  • Lawrence C. Y. Ho
  • Michael F. Klaassen
  • Kumar Mithraratne
Chapter

Abstract

The aged face is graced by sagging skin and soft tissue characterised by a lax neck with bilateral vertical folds in front. The ageing stigmas consist of progressive upper cheek, lower eyelid-cheek sulcus, nasolabial folds, marionette deformity, jowls, anterior platysma bands and obtuse cervical-mental angle as seen in Fig. 4.1a–c.

Supplementary material

Video 4.1

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Video 4.2

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Video 4.4

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Video 4.6

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Video 4.7

Video of Fig. 4.51a (MP4 5054 kb)

Video 4.8

Video of Fig. 4.51b (MP4 5330 kb)

Video 4.9

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Video 4.10

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Video 4.11

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lawrence C. Y. Ho
    • 1
  • Michael F. Klaassen
    • 2
  • Kumar Mithraratne
    • 3
  1. 1.Formerly Repatriation General Hospital ConcordSydneyAustralia
  2. 2.Private PracticeAucklandNew Zealand
  3. 3.The University of AucklandAuckland Bioengineering InstituteAucklandNew Zealand

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