Clinical Applications of Soft Lining Materials

  • Ceren Küçük
  • Yasemin K. ÖzkanEmail author


Because of the excessive resorption of the alveolar crest, the overlying mucosa thickness and the resilience of the mucosa decrease over time. In such cases, even if the dentures have adequate properties, there may be pain in the tissues underlying the denture during mastication. To compensate for the decreased resilience of the mucosa and to eliminate the pain in the soft tissues underlying the denture, soft lining materials are used on the tissue-facing surfaces of the dentures. This chapter addresses contents, classifications, indications, disadvantages, and clinical application procedures of the soft lining materials.

Further Reading

  1. Amin WM, Al Ali MH, Salim NA, Al Tarawneh SK. A new form of intra oral delivery of antifungal drugs for the treatment of denture induced oral candidosis. Eur J Dent. 2009;3:257–66.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. Arendorf TM, Walker DM. Oral Candidal populations in health and disease. Br Dent J. 1979;147:267–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brawn D. Resilient soft liners and tissue conditioners. Br Dent J. 1988;164:357–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Craig RG. Restorative dental materials. 9th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 1993.Google Scholar
  5. Doot ER, Koran A, Craig RG. Physical property comparison of 11 soft denture lining materials as function of accelerated aging. J Prosthet Dent. 1993;69:114–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Emira N, Mejdi S, Aouni M. In vitro activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea tree) and Eucalyptus globules essential oils on oral candida biofilm formation on polymethyl methacrylate. J Med Plant Res. 2013;7:1461–6.Google Scholar
  7. Golebiewska M, Sierpinska T, Namiot D, Likeman PR. Affective state and acceptance of dentures in elderly patients. Gerodontology. 1998;15:87–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gonales JB, Laney WL. Resilient materials for denture prostheses. J Prosthet Dent. 1966;16:438–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hashem MI. Advances in soft denture liners: an update. J Contemp Dent Pract. 2015;16:314–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hayakawa I, Kaqae M, Tsuji Y, Masuhara E. Soft denture liner of fluoroethylene copolymer and its clinical evaluation. J Prosthet Dent. 1984;51:310–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Holmer AR, Rodrigues E, van der Wielen P, et al. Adherence of Candida albicans to silicone is promoted by the human salivary protein. Mol Oral Micribiol. 2014;29:90–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kawano F, Tada N, Nagao K, Matsumoto N. The influence of soft lining materials on pressure distribution. J Prosthet Dent. 1991;65:567–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kulak-Ozkan Y, Sertgöz A, Gedik H. Effect of thermocycling on tensile bond strength of six silicone-based resilient denture liners. J Prosthet Dent. 2003;89:303–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Kutay Bilgin T, Sakar O, Beyli M. Tensile bond strength of a soft lining with acrylic denture base resins. Eur J Prosthodont Rest Dent. 1994;2:123–6.Google Scholar
  15. Mack PJ. Denture soft lining materials: Clinical indications. Aus Dent J. 1989a;34:454–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mack PJ. Denture soft linings: materials available. Aus Dent J. 1989b;34:517–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Murata H, Haberham RC, Hamada T, Taguchi N. Setting and stress relaxation behavior of resilient denture liners. J Prosthet Dent. 1998;80:714–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Palla ES, Karaoglani E, Naka O, Anastassiadou V. Soft liners’ effect on the masticatory function in patients wearing complete dentures: a systematic review. J Dent. 2015;43:1403–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Parr GR, Rueggeberg FA. Physical property comparison of a chairside or laboratory polymerized permanent soft-liner during 1 year. J Prosthodont. 1999;8:92–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Pereira IP, Consani RL, Mesquita MF, Nobilo MA. Photoelastic analysis of stresses transmitted by complete dentures lined with hard or soft liners. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2015;55:181–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Polyzois GL. Adhesion properties of resilient lining materials bonded to light-cured denture resins. J Prosthet Dent. 1992;68:854–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Robinson JG, McCabe JF. Creep and stress relaxation of soft denture liners. J Prosthet Dent. 1982;48:135–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sertgöz A, Kulak Y, Gedik H. The effect of thermocycling on peel strength of six soft lining materials. J Oral Rehabil. 2002;28:583–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sinobad D, Murphy WM, Huggett R. Bond strength and rupture properties of some soft denture liners. J Oral Rehabil. 1992;19:151–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Van Noort R. Dental materials: 1992 literature review. J Dent. 1994;22:5–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wagner WC, Kawano F, Doot ER, Koran A. Dynamic viscoelastic properties of processed soft denture liners: Part I Initial properties. J Prosthet Dent. 1995;73:471–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Waters MGJ, Jagger RG. Mechanical properties of an experimental denture soft lining material. J Dent. 1999;27:197–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Dentistry, Department of ProsthodonticsMarmara UniversityIstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations