Advertisement

Morocco

  • Rachida AjhounEmail author
  • Najima Daoudi
Chapter
  • 359 Downloads

Abstract

This chapter surveys the development and current state of e-learning in the Kingdom of Morocco. The authors survey the general social, economic, historical, and demographic background of Morocco and provide a review of its educational system. Analysis and statistics on the information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure, usage of ICT in the country, and challenges and barriers to ICT implementation in education, business, and government are also provided. The chapter further explores in detail the major e-learning platforms, initiatives, and projects throughout the country. Information is additionally provided on accreditation, teacher training programs, and the regulatory framework of e-learning. Finally, the authors speculate on the future development of e-learning in Morocco. A comprehensive bibliography on e-learning scholarship related to the country, including government reports and websites, appears at the end of the chapter.

Keywords

Morocco E-learning Web-based learning ICT Internet Education Distance learning 

Bibliography

  1. Abourriche, A., Lablidi, A., & Talbi, M. (2012). L’usage des TICE en formation continue des enseignants au Maroc: quel résultat pour un projet pilote. Retrieved from http://revue.sesamath.net/spip.php?article419
  2. Ajhoun, R. (2013). E-Learning à l’Université Mohammed-V-Souissi. Journée d’Étude sur le thème: E-Learning et Formation à Distance au Maroc: État des Lieux et Perspectives d’Avenir. Retrieved from http://clt.aui.ma/elearning-studyday/files/UM5S.ppt
  3. Ajhoun, R., & Bouzidi, D. (2010). E-learning in Morocco: Developments and issues in Morocco. In U. Demiray et al. (Eds.), Cases on challenges facing e-learning and national development: Institutional studies and practices (Vol. II, pp. 549–584). Eskişehir: Andalou University.Google Scholar
  4. Ajhoun, R., Benkiran, A., & Bouzidi, D. (2004). A System for an adaptive and collaborative e-learning SMART-learning. In P. Isaías, M. McPherson, P. Kommers. Proceedings of the IADIS international conference on e-Society, Ávila, 16–19 July 2004. Retrieved from http://www.iadisportal.org/e-society-2004-proceedings
  5. Alhaji, K., Abdelkrim, E., & Ilham, L. (2007). La politique d’intégration des technologie de l’information et de la communication dans le système éducatif Marocain. Retrieved from https://edutice.archives-ouvertes.fr/file/index/docid/359025/filename/a0804a.htm
  6. Alimam, M. A., Seghiouer, H., & Elyusufi, Y. (2014). Building profiles based on ontology for career recommendation in e-learning context. In 2014 International Conference on Multimedia Computing and Systems (ICMCS).  https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMCS.2014.6911346.
  7. Allali, M. (2013). Les statistiques et l’utilisation des TIC dans l’enseignement et la recherche scientifique (cas du Maroc). UNESCO. Retrieved from http://www.uis.unesco.org
  8. ANRT. (2016). GENIE. Agence Nationale de Réglementation des Télécommunications. Retrieved from https://www.anrt.ma/missions/service-universel/genie
  9. Belkasmi, M. G., Bouchentouf, T., Azizi, M., & Benazz, A. (2004). Modeling projects in e-learning course: A case of an information technology project. In L. O. Mählck & D. W. Chapman (Eds.), Adapting technology for school improvement: A global perspective (pp. 175–199). New York: UNESCO, IIEP.Google Scholar
  10. Benaich, S. (2015). Les TIC dans l’enseignement supérieur au Maroc. Communication presented at Workshop «Information Technology Education and Training: Latest Developments and Future Perspectives», Ifrane. Retrieved from http://www.aui.ma/LesTICdanslenseignementsuperieurauMaroc.pptx
  11. Benkiran, A., Bennani, S., & Berrada, B. (2004). Birth and prospects of eLearning: The common case of Morocco. In Proceedings of the fifth international conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, ITHET 2004 (pp. 493–499), Istanbul, Turkey. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=1358223
  12. Bouzidi, D., Ajhoun, R., & Benkiran, A. (2006). The use of the annotations in a collaborative activity of reading an online hypermedia course document. In 7th international conference on cost comparison of e-learning solutions. Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, ITHET’06 (pp. 767–772), Ultimo, NSW, Australia. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=4141707
  13. Chambre des Représentants (Maroc). (2015). Projet de loi de finances pour l’année budgétaire 2016: Note de présentation. Retrieved from http://www.chambredesrepresentants.ma/sites/default/files/np_fr_0.pdf
  14. Chtouki, Y., Harroud, H., Elkhalidi, M., & Samir, B. (2010). A service composition framework for providing e-Learning services. In 9th international conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training (ITHET) (pp. 219–225). Cappadocia, Turkey. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=5480037
  15. Chtouki, Y., Harroud, H., Khalidi, M., & Bennani, S. (2012). The impact of YouTube videos on the student’s learning. In 2012 international conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training (ITHET) (pp. 1–4). Istanbul, Turkey. Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=6246045
  16. Commission Spéciale Éducation Formation (Maroc). (n.d.). Charte nationale d’éducation et de formation. Retrieved from http://www.coimbragroup.eu/tempus/Docs/charte_fr.pdf
  17. COP 22. (2016). Informations utiles sur le Maroc. Marrakech COP 22. Retrieved from http://www.cop22.ma/fr/infos
  18. CSEFRS (Conseil Supérieur de l’Éducation, de la Formation et de la Recherche Scientifique). (2015). Pour une école de l’équité, de la qualité et de la promotion: Vision stratégique de la réforme 2015–2030. Retrieved from http://www.csefrs.ma/pdf/Vision_VF_Fr.pdf
  19. Département de l’alphabétisation et de l’éducation non formelle. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.alphamaroc.com/dlca/index.php
  20. Djouad, T. (2008). Analyser l’activité d’apprentissage collaboratif: Une approche par transformations spécialisées de traces d’interactions. In Secondes Rencontres Jeunes Chercheurs en EIAH, May 2008, Lille (pp. 93–98). Retrieved from https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01501316/
  21. eCnap. (2016). CNAP: qui sommes nous. Retrieved from http://e-cnap.com/st/?page_id=54
  22. El Asli, A., Berrado, A., Sendide, K., & Darhmaoui, H. (2012). Effect of the use of information and communication technologies ICT resources on the scholastic performance of middle school students in biology and geology courses. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 55(2012), 1113–1117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. El Khalkhali, I. (2014). The Student experience of an open source learning management system. In 2014 World Congress on Computer Applications and Information Systems (WCCAIS).  https://doi.org/10.1109/WCCAIS.2014.6916654.
  24. El-Hajir, A. (2006). La démarche de l’ingénierie de formation au coeur d’un dispositive expérimental de e-learning: Cas du systeme éducatif marocain. Masters thesis, Université de Rouen, Rouen.Google Scholar
  25. EOmed. (2016). Structures opérationnelles (Operational structures). Retrieved from http://eomed.org/structures-operationnelles/
  26. Ettazarini, S. (2017). Analysis of interactivity and autonomy of existing digital educational resources: The case of life and earth sciences in Morocco. Open Learning: The Journal of Open, Distance and e-Learning, 32(2), 1–16.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02680513.2017.1305884 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Gattioui, J. (2014). L’avenir des universités ne peut être envisagé sans e-learning. Entretien avec Abdelaziz Sadok, Président de l’Université Mohammed 1er d’Oujda. Retrieved from http://lematin.ma/journal/2014/entretien-avec-abdelaziz-sadok-president-de-l-universitemohammed-1er-d-oujda_-l-avenir-des-universités-ne-peut-être--envisagé-sans-e-learning-/197329.html
  28. German-Sallo, Z., Grif, H.-S., & Gligor, A. (2015). Technical evaluation of remote laboratories in an engineering educational network. Procedia Technology, 19(2015), 1136–1141.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2015.02.162 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ghailani, M., El Bouhdid, J., & Fennan, A. (2014). Towards an adaptive e-learning solution based on ontologies and competencies approach. International Journal of Computer Applications, 98, 42–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gouvernement du Maroc. (2011). Programme e-gouvernement. Portail du programme e-gouvernement. Retrieved from http://www.egov.ma/sites/default/files/Programme%20eGov%20Morocco.pdf
  31. Hassim, M. (2008). Values and leadership in managing online communication: MATE online communication channels as an example. In Proceedings of the 27th MATE annual conference, Morocco (pp. 37–45).Google Scholar
  32. HCP. (2015). Le Maroc en chiffres, 2015 (version arabe & française). Maroc: Haut-Commissariat au Plan. Retrieved from http://www.hcp.ma/downloads/Maroc-en-chiffres_t13053.html
  33. Ibrahim, A. (2008). IT and educational policy in North Africa and Middle East region. In J. Voogt & G. Knezek (Eds.), International handbook of information technology in primary and secondary education (pp. 1161–1169). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. INDH (Initiative Nationale pour le Développement Humain). (2016). Présentation INDH. Retrieved from http://www.indh.ma/index.php/fr/presentation
  35. Jacquet, D. (2002). Développement de la formation en ligne: Francophonie et formation. Actualité de la formation permanente, 181, 54–56.Google Scholar
  36. Lahmine, S., Dahmaoui, H., Kaddari, F., Elachqar, A., & Ouahbi, I. (2014). Le e-learning et la formation à distance des enseignants: l’étude de cas du projet ITQANE.Google Scholar
  37. Lydec. (2016). Avis d’appel d’offre ouvert n°01-2016 C/S. Retrieved from https://client.lydec.ma/site/fr/c/document_library/get_file?uuid=f9d6f784-aee5-4aee-a432-7af08fb59e82&groupId=10156
  38. Mahdi, K., Chekour, M., Laafou, M., Al-Idrissi, R. J., & Madrane, M. (2017). The generalization of using the ICT in the work of the physics teachers in Moroccan schools: Obstacle of training courses and solutions. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 9(2), 829–834.Google Scholar
  39. MAP. (2015). Corporate bulletin d’information institutionnelle de l’Agence Marocaine de Presse – N°29 – Juin 2015. Agence Marocaine de Presse. Retrieved from https://sso.map.ma/cas/
  40. Messaoudi, F. (2013). Dispositifs de e-learning: Quels usages pour améliorer la formation au Maroc, du premier baromètre national du e-learning à l’étude de cas de la formation continue. Doctoral thesis, Université Hassan II Mohammedia-Casablanca, Maroc. Retrieved from http://ific.auf.org/sites/default/files/8Thèse Messaoudi.pdf
  41. Miller, M. J. (2017). Librarians building digital learning objects supporting cultural understanding: Fulbright-Hays seminar abroad in Morocco and Tunisia. In C. Constantinou, M. J. Miller, & K. Schlesinger (Eds.), International librarianship: Developing professional, intercultural, and educational leadership. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  42. Mohammed, A., Mohssinea, B., M’hammed, E. K., Mohammed, T., & Abdelouahed, N. (2015). Eportfolio as a tool of learning, presentation, orientation and evaluation skills. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197(2015), 328–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mrabet, R., & Bentaher, J. (2002). Internationalization of a distance exam web environment. In 21st international unicode conference, Dublin, May 2002 (pp. 1–16). Retrieved from http://users.encs.concordia.ca/%7Ebentahar/Publications/Dublin_BNJ1.pdf
  44. Naddami, A., Fahli, A., Gourmaj, M., Pester, A., & Oros, R. (2014). Importance of a network of online labs in Magrebian countries. In 2014 11th international conference on Remote Engineering and Virtual instrumentation (REV) (pp. 77–78). Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=6784227
  45. Najima, D., & Rachida, A. (2010). MADAR learning: An interoperable environment for E&M learning. In Education engineering (EDUCON), 2010 IEEE (pp. 1691–1696). Retrieved from http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?arnumber=5492405
  46. OFPPT. (2012). L’OFPPT signe une alliance stratégique avec Microsoft. Office de la Formation Professionnelle et de la Promotion du Travail. Retrieved from http://www.ofppt.ma/actualites/65-un-modele-de-partenariat-public-prive.html
  47. OFPPT. (2014). Portail de l’employabilité. Office de la Formation Professionnelle et de la Promotion du Travail. Retrieved from http://www.ofppt.ma/actualites/150-avec-le-portail-de-l-employabilite-l-ofppt-consolide-son-partenariat-avec-microsoft-maroc-pour-soutenir-l-acces-des-jeunes-marocains-au-marche-du-travail.html
  48. Oulmaati, K., Ezzahri, S., & Samadi, K. (2017). The Use of ICT in the learning process among the students of history and civilization at Abdelmalek Essaadi University, Morocco. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, 8(2), 972–979.Google Scholar
  49. Portail du Maroc. (2016a). Grandes stratégies. Retrieved from http://www.maroc.ma/fr# http://www.maroc.ma/fr
  50. Portail du Maroc. (2016b). Plan solaire. Retrieved from http://www.maroc.ma/fr/content/plan-solaire
  51. Portail du Maroc. (2016c). Réforme du système éducatif: La mise en œuvre de la vision 2015–2030. Retrieved from http://www.maroc.ma/fr/actualites/reforme-du-systeme-educatif-la-mise-en-oeuvre-de-la-vision-2015-2030
  52. Poste Maroc. (2012). Rapport d’activité. Retrieved from http://www.poste.ma/wps/wcm/connect/
  53. Poste Maroc. (2015). Appel d’offres ouvert 95/2015 DAP relatif à location d’un catalogue de modules e-learning sur étagère. Retrieved from https://www.albaridbank.ma/wps/PA_bamao/appeloffre/createResultatClick?appelOffreId=590
  54. Projet FORCIIR. (2005). Projet FORCIIR – edocdev. Retrieved from http://www.ebad.ucad.sn/forciir/
  55. Riyami, B., Mansouri, K., & Poirier, F. (2016). Towards a hybrid university education, integration of MOOCs in initial training programs. A case of big private education structure in Morocco. In INTED 2016 (Vol. 1, pp. 6132–6141). Valencia, Spain. doi:  https://doi.org/10.21125/inted.2016.0460.
  56. UNESCO. (2006). Des programmes d’alphabétisation au Maroc et au Rajasthan se partagent le premier Prix Confucius UNESCO. Retrieved from http://portal.unesco.org/education/fr/ev.php-URL_ID=51239&URL_DO=DO_TOPIC&URL_SECTION=201.html
  57. Université Ibn Zohr. (2012). Pratique et usage des TIC dans l’université Marocaine: le cas de l’université Ibn Zohr d’Agadir. Retrieved from http://sfsic2014.sciencesconf.org/30798/document 2012
  58. Université Internationale de Rabat (UIR). (2014). Mise en place d’une université numérique au sein de l’UIR (2014). Retrieved from http://www.afdb.org
  59. Université Mohammed V de Rabat. (2015). L’Université Mohammed V de Rabat: 60 ans de l’histoire du Maroc. Retrieved from http://www.um5.ac.ma/um5r/content/histoire-de-lum5r
  60. Zahra, G. F., Mohammed, A., Khadija, D., Mohammed, T., & Abdelouahed, N. (2014). Implementation of a computerized system for the orientation of the Moroccan student in the university. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 182(2015), 381–387.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UM5-Rabat, LeRMA-ENSIASRabatMorocco
  2. 2.ESI, LeRMA-ENSIASRabatMorocco

Personalised recommendations