A New Methodology to Exploit Predictive Power in (Open, High, Low, Close) Data

Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10614)


Prediction of financial markets using neural networks and other techniques has predominately focused on the close price. Here, in contrast, the concept of a mid-price based on an Open, High, Low, Close (OHLC) data structure is proposed as a prediction target and shown to be a significantly easier target to forecast, suggesting previous works have attempted to extract predictive power from OHLC data in the wrong context. A prediction framework incorporating a factor discovery and mining process is developed using Randomised Decision Trees, with Long Short Term Memory Recurrent Neural Networks subsequently demonstrating remarkable predictive capabilities of up to 50.73% better than random (75.42% accuracy) on hourly data based on the FGBL German Bund futures contract, and 42.5% better than random (72.04% accuracy) on a comparison Bitcoin dataset.


Machine learning LSTMs Decision Trees Factor Mining OHLC data Financial forecasting Mid-price 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK

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