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Challenges in Establishing Cross-Border Resilience

  • Anouck Adrot
  • Frank FiedrichEmail author
  • Andreas Lotter
  • Thomas Münzberg
  • Eric Rigaud
  • Marcus Wiens
  • Wolfgang Raskob
  • Frank Schultmann
Chapter
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on resilience stakes that characterize urbanizing cross-border regions. While cross-border regions are characterized by multiple sources of vulnerabilities that are inherent to their development and history, knowledge remains partial in relation to how these regions address disasters that could affect both sides of the frontier. For decades, most cross-border regions have been expanding both from economical and institutional perspectives. In the meantime, urban density has been increasing, as well as the complexity of critical infrastructures—for instance, transportation or electricity distribution—that support essential services such as health care. Due to such complexity, these infrastructures represent major vulnerabilities for cross-border regions nowadays. In addition, borderland citizens’ behaviours remain uncertain, due to history and co-existing diverse cultural backgrounds. The chapter introduces the concept of resilience as a valuable lens to investigate disaster management of cross-border regions. More specifically, this chapter proposes to draw on resilience methodologies to address risks related to infrastructure, organization and behaviours in cross-border regions. By doing so, the chapter contributes to a holistic perspective on these vulnerabilities and their management when a disaster strikes. While a large spectrum of European projects has taken into consideration some of cross-border regions’ specificities, a comprehensive approach to cross-border resilience is still missing. We illustrate the relevance of this approach with the example of the French–German cross-border region. Going further, the chapter presents the INCA project that relies on multidisciplinary investigation of cross-border resilience and will deliver an agent-based model to support decision-making in cross-border regions facing disasters.

Keywords

Urban resilience Cross-border regions Crisis management Risk management Multidisciplinary approach Agent-based modeling German–French frontier Critical infrastructure Social vulnerability 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Parts of the presented work are embedded in the Helmholtz Association’s (HGF) portfolio project “Security Research” and in the critical infrastructure protection activities of the Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technologies (CEDIM). CEDIM is an interdisciplinary research centre of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany, which is also a member of the International Centre of Excellence for CIs and Strategic Planning (IRDR ICoE-CISP). The HGF’s and CEDIM’s financial support of the work is gratefully acknowledged. Other parts of the presented work are embedded in the research project INCA. The project is supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG-FI 2139/3-1 and DFG-SCHU 1189/13-1) and the French National Agency for Research (ANR-16-CE92-0011-01). The project started in March 2017 and will last until February 2020. The DFG’s and ANR’s financial support of the work is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anouck Adrot
    • 1
  • Frank Fiedrich
    • 2
    Email author
  • Andreas Lotter
    • 5
  • Thomas Münzberg
    • 3
  • Eric Rigaud
    • 4
  • Marcus Wiens
    • 3
  • Wolfgang Raskob
    • 3
  • Frank Schultmann
    • 3
  1. 1.DRM UMR CNRS 7780Université Paris-Dauphine PSL - Research UniversityParisFrance
  2. 2.Institute for Public Safety and Emergency ManagementUniversity of WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  3. 3.Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)KarlsruheGermany
  4. 4.CRCMINES ParisTech, PSL - Research UniversitySophia-AntipolisFrance
  5. 5.Institute for Public Safety and Emergency ManagementUniversity of WuppertalWuppertalGermany

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