Characterization of f Waves

  • Leif SörnmoEmail author
  • Raúl Alcaraz
  • Pablo Laguna
  • José Joaquín Rieta
Part of the Series in BioEngineering book series (SERBIOENG)


This chapter reviews different approaches to f wave characterization. The two fundamental characteristics f wave amplitude and atrial fibrillatory rate are first considered, followed by a description of linear and nonlinear techniques for characterizing wave morphology and regularity. The analysis of spatial ECG information, manifested as a vectorcardiographic loop or a body surface potential map, is reviewed. The chapter concludes with a brief overview of popular clinical applications where the described approaches have been explored.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leif Sörnmo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raúl Alcaraz
    • 2
  • Pablo Laguna
    • 3
  • José Joaquín Rieta
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for Integrative ElectrocardiologyLund UniversityLundSweden
  2. 2.Innovation in Bioengineering Research GroupUniversity of Castilla–La Mancha, Campus UniversitarioCuencaSpain
  3. 3.Biomedical Signal Interpretation and Computational Simulation (BSICoS), Aragón Institute of Engineering Research (I3A), Centro de Investigacíon Biomédica en Red de Bioingeniería, Biomateriales y Nanomedicina (CIBER-BBN)Zaragoza UniversityZaragozaSpain
  4. 4.Biomedical Synergy, Electronic Engineering DepartmentUniversidad Politécnica de ValenciaGandíaSpain

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