Alignment Cubes: Towards Interactive Visual Exploration and Evaluation of Multiple Ontology Alignments

  • Valentina Ivanova
  • Benjamin Bach
  • Emmanuel Pietriga
  • Patrick LambrixEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10587)


Ontology alignment is an area of active research where many algorithms and approaches are being developed. Their performance is usually evaluated by comparing the produced alignments to a reference alignment in terms of precision, recall and F-measure. These measures, however, only provide an overall assessment of the quality of the alignments, but do not reveal differences and commonalities between alignments at a finer-grained level such as, e.g., regions or individual mappings. Furthermore, reference alignments are often unavailable, which makes the comparative exploration of alignments at different levels of granularity even more important. Making such comparisons efficient calls for a “human-in-the-loop” approach, best supported through interactive visual representations of alignments. Our approach extends a recent tool, Matrix Cubes, used for visualizing dense dynamic networks. We first identify use cases for ontology alignment evaluation that can benefit from interactive visualization, and then detail how our Alignment Cubes support interactive exploration of multiple ontology alignments. We demonstrate the usefulness of Alignment Cubes by describing visual exploration scenarios, showing how Alignment Cubes support common tasks identified in the use cases.


Ontology alignment evaluation Visual exploration Multiple alignment comparison 



This work has been supported by the Swedish e-Science Research Centre (SeRC), the Swedish national graduate school in computer science (CUGS) and the EU project VALCRI (FP7-IP-608142).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valentina Ivanova
    • 1
  • Benjamin Bach
    • 2
  • Emmanuel Pietriga
    • 3
  • Patrick Lambrix
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Swedish e-Science Research Centre and Linköping UniversityLinköpingSweden
  2. 2.University of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.INRIA, LRI (Univ Paris-Sud & CNRS), Université Paris-SaclayOrsayFrance
  4. 4.Department of Computer and Information ScienceLinköping UniversityLinköpingSweden

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