WIDOCO: A Wizard for Documenting Ontologies

  • Daniel Garijo
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10588)


In this paper we describe WIDOCO, a WIzard for DOCumenting Ontologies that guides users through the documentation process of their vocabularies. Given an RDF vocabulary, WIDOCO detects missing vocabulary metadata and creates a documentation with diagrams, human readable descriptions of the ontology terms and a summary of changes with respect to previous versions of the ontology. The documentation consists on a set of linked enriched HTML pages that can be further extended by end users. WIDOCO is open source and builds on well established Semantic Web tools. So far, WIDOCO has been used to document more than one hundred ontologies in different domains.


Ontology documentation Ontology evolution Ontology understanding OWL ontologies 



We would like to acknowledge support from the US National Science Foundation with grants ICER-1541029 and ICER-1440323, and from the National Institutes of Health with grant 1R01GM117097-01. We also thank Yolanda Gil for her feedback.


  1. 1.
    Alobaid, A., Garijo, D., Poveda-Villalón, M., Pérez, I.S., Corcho, O.: OnToology, a tool for collaborative development of ontologies. In: ICBO (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Basca, C., Corlosquet, S., Cyganiak, R., Fernández, S., Sch, T.: Neologism: Easy Vocabulary Publishing (2012)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Halilaj, L., Petersen, N., Grangel-González, I., Lange, C., Auer, S., Coskun, G., Lohmann, S.: VoCol: an integrated environment to support version-controlled vocabulary development. In: Blomqvist, E., Ciancarini, P., Poggi, F., Vitali, F. (eds.) EKAW 2016. LNCS (LNAI), vol. 10024, pp. 303–319. Springer, Cham (2016). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-49004-5_20 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Horridge, M., Bechhofer, S.: The OWL API: a Java API for OWL ontologies. Semant. Web 2(1), 11–21 (2011)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lohmann, S., Link, V., Marbach, E., Negru, S.: WebVOWL: web-based visualization of ontologies. In: Lambrix, P., Hyvönen, E., Blomqvist, E., Presutti, V., Qi, G., Sattler, U., Ding, Y., Ghidini, C. (eds.) EKAW 2014. LNCS, vol. 8982, pp. 154–158. Springer, Cham (2015). doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-17966-7_21 Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Malone, J., Holloway, E., Adamusiak, T., Kapushesky, M., Zheng, J., Kolesnikov, N., Zhukova, A., Brazma, A., Parkinson, H.: Modeling sample variables with an experimental factor ontology. Bioinformatics 26(8), 1112 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    McGuinness, D., Lebo, T., Sahoo, S., Belhajjame, K., Cheney, J., Corsar, D., Garijo, D., Soiland-Reyes, S., Zednick, S., Zhao, J.: PROV-O: the PROV ontology. W3C Recommendation, W3C (2013)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Musen, M.A.: The protégé project: a look back and a look forward. AI Matters 1(4), 4–12 (2015). CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Peroni, S., Shotton, D., Vitali, F.: The live OWL documentation environment: a tool for the automatic generation of ontology documentation. In: ten Teije, A., Völker, J., Handschuh, S., Stuckenschmidt, H., d’Acquin, M., Nikolov, A., Aussenac-Gilles, N., Hernandez, N. (eds.) EKAW 2012. LNCS, vol. 7603, pp. 398–412. Springer, Heidelberg (2012). doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-33876-2_35 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Poveda-Villalón, M., Suárez-Figueroa, M.C., Gómez-Pérez, A.: OOPS! (OntOlogy Pitfall Scanner!): an on-line tool for ontology evaluation. Int. J. Semant. Web Inf. Syst. (IJSWIS) 10(2), 7–34 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Suárez-Figueroa, M.C., Gómez-Pérez, A., Fernández-López, M.: The NeOn methodology framework: a scenario-based methodology for ontology development. Appl. Ontol. 10(2), 107–145 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Tejo-Alonso, C., Berrueta, D., Polo, L., Fernández, S.: Metadata for web ontologies and rules: current practices and perspectives. In: García-Barriocanal, E., Cebeci, Z., Okur, M.C., Öztürk, A. (eds.) MTSR 2011. CCIS, vol. 240, pp. 56–67. Springer, Heidelberg (2011). doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-24731-6_6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Information Sciences InstituteUniversity of Southern CaliforniaMarina del ReyUSA

Personalised recommendations