Mercury Mark II

  • David J. Shayler
Part of the Springer Praxis Books book series (PRAXIS)


“If there had been no Mercury program,

there would be no Gemini program;

if there had been no Gemini program,

there could be no Apollo program.”

Virgil I. ‘Gus’ Grissom, Gemini.


  1. 1.
    Origins of NASA Names, Helen T. Wells, Susan H. Whiteley and Carrie E. Karegeannes, NASA SP-4402, 1976, pp. 104-106.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mission Control Center/Building 30, Historical Documentation, Archaeological Consultants Inc. Sarasota, Florida, on behalf of NASA, October 2010.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    For full details of the spacecraft and systems, see Gemini: Steps to the Moon; NASA Gemini 1965-1966 Owner’s Workshop Manual, David Woods and David M. Harland, Haynes Publishing, 2015; and Appendix 2 on page 306.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Development and Qualification of Gemini Escape System, Hilary A. Ray Jr., and Frederick T. Burns, NASA MSC, Houston Texas, NASA Technical Note TN D-4031, June 1967.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Project Gemini Technical Summary, P. W. Malik and G.A. Souris, McDonnell Douglas June 1968, NASA CR-1106, p. 173.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Reference 1, p. 25.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    For further details of the development of the Titan for the Gemini program, see On the Shoulders of Titans; Gemini Chronology and Gemini: Steps to the Moon, as listed in the bibliography.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    For further information on the flight profiles, see Gemini Steps to the Moon pp. xxxv – xxxviii.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gemini Spacecraft Parachute Landing System, John Vince, NASA MSC, Houston, Texas, NASA Technical Note TN D-3496, July 1966.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gemini Land Landing System Development Program: Volume 1: Full-scale investigations, by Leland C. Norman, Jerry E. McCullough and Jerry C. Coffey, NASA MSC Houston, Texas. NASA Technical Note TN D-3869; Volume 2: Supporting Investigations, NASA TN D-3870, both published in March 1967; also, Paraglider, Land Landing for Gemini, by Ed Hengeveld, X-Planes Monograph #3, HPM Publications, 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David J. Shayler
    • 1
  1. 1.Astro Info Service Ltd.HalesowenUK

Personalised recommendations