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Social Enterprise and CALD Refugee Settlement Experience

  • Eric Kong
  • Sue Bishop
  • Eddy Iles
Chapter

Abstract

Culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) refugees are facing challenges when settling in Australia. For instance, they face greater difficulties in transferring their prior labour market experiences into the Australian labour market, and thus they often have higher unemployment rates or are at an earnings disadvantage that may lead to disaffection and community unrest in the long run (Green, Kler, & Leeves, Economics of Education Review 420–432, 2007). One way to create pathways to better settlement experiences for these people is through social enterprises. Social enterprises have emerged as a strategic response to the challenges that traditional non-profit organisations face since the introduction of the public sector reform movement in the 1980s (Weerawardena & Sullivan-Mort, Journal of World Business 21–35, 2006). Social enterprises help to formulate social capital that fosters greater social interaction and learning in a diverse society (Hasan, Pacific Journal of Public Administration 1–17, 2005). CALD refugees are able to practise day-to-day English language, gain necessary skills for social interaction and networking, advance their knowledge and skills for employment or for becoming entrepreneurs and participate equitably in the society if they are involved in social enterprises during their settlement. In this chapter authors review the relevant literature critically and argue that social enterprises can help to facilitate life satisfaction and self-reliance for CALD refugees in Australia. A qualitative research observational method conducted by the authors, including systematic, detailed reflections on the behaviour and talk of CALD refugee settlers who are or intend to be involved in social enterprises, is used.

Keywords

Culturally and linguistically diverse refugees Entrepreneurship Refugee settlement Social capital Social enterprise 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Kong
    • 1
  • Sue Bishop
    • 2
  • Eddy Iles
    • 3
  1. 1.School of Management and Enterprise, Faculty of Business, Education, Law and ArtsUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  2. 2.Open Access CollegeUniversity of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia
  3. 3.Multicultural and Development AssociationToowoombaAustralia

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