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The Zorzino Limestone Actinopterygian Fauna from the Late Triassic (Norian) of the Southern Alps

  • Andrea TintoriEmail author
  • Cristina Lombardo
Chapter
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 46)

Abstract

The ichthyofauna of the Zorzino Limestone represents an important step in the biodiversity of the bony fishes. With its richness and variety at the highest point of the Triassic, this fauna also testifies to the beginning of the faunal transition that will be realized during the Jurassic. Thousands of specimens and extraordinary preservation of the fossils yielded by these levels have allowed the monitoring of such a crucial moment in the evolution of vertebrates. These favourable conditions allowed also the reconstruction of the mode of life and the trophic adaptations performed by the different fish groups that dwelled in those depositional basins surrounded by the largest carbonate platform ever, now known as the Dolomia Principale (or Haupt Dolomite of German-speaking geologists). As further proof of this peculiar evolutionary period, the large predators occupying the highest trophic levels were still represented by ‘primitive’ basal actinopterygians; on the contrary, the most derived neopterygians developed a specialization in durophagy, a trophic niche formerly unexploited by actinopterygians. Within the main trophic categories, we can find different morphological specializations, which probably allowed the fishes to exploit most of the available trophic resources. The blooming of the stemgroup Teleostei, the Pholidophoriformes, is also recorded, with several genera occurring together in the best represented localities.

Keywords

Late Triassic Norian Actinopterygii Trophic web Predation Northern Italy 

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra Ardito DesioUNIMIMilanItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra Ardito DesioUniversita di MilanoMilanItaly

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