Earning as Empowerment?: The Relationship Between Paid Work and Domestic Violence in Lyari, Karachi

  • Nida Kirmani


Based on extensive interviews in one of Karachi’s oldest working-class areas, Lyari, this chapter explores the relationship between women’s engagement in paid work, their experiences of domestic violence, and the issue of empowerment more generally. The research includes interviews with women engaged in domestic service, in the public and private education sector, in the field of health, in the service sector, and in short-term and seasonal work in factories or small-scale industries. The chapter explores women’s ability to negotiate and resist violence at the hands of their husbands and other family members. Despite the persistence of patriarchal structures, women’s narratives demonstrate the emergence of new models of womanhood at the local level as a result of wider economic, social, and cultural shifts.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nida Kirmani
    • 1
  1. 1.Lahore University of Management SciencesLahorePakistan

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