Afrophobia in the South African Higher Education System: A Threat to Internalisation and Global Citizenship Initiatives

  • Joseph Pardon Hungwe
  • Joseph Jinja Divala
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Global Citizenship Education and Democracy book series (GCED)


This chapter advances the view that the presence of Afrophobia in institutions of public higher education militates against the universities’ objectives of preparing graduates as global citizens and negatively impacts on the core social values of internationalisation within higher education. The authors trace the dominant discourses around global citizenship before juxtaposing Afrophobia as a negation of the very processes. The authors argue that the issue of global citizenship within higher education arises out of the context of student international migration that precipitates national diversities within higher education. This chapter mainly focuses on the South African higher education system and its practices as a case in point.


Global citizenship education Afrophobia Internationalisation Higher education South Africa 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Pardon Hungwe
    • 1
  • Joseph Jinja Divala
    • 1
  1. 1.University of JohannesburgJohannesburgSouth Africa

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