Handheld Echocardiography

  • Dominika Filipiak-Strzecka
  • Piotr Lipiec
  • Jarosław D. Kasprzak


Pocket-size imaging devices, due to their size and weight can be carried around by the physicians and used for bedside monitoring of patients’ status and screening for major abnormalities, even if they offer only basic image acquisition and analysis possibilities. The potential clinical implementation of PSID include the evaluation of the left and right ventricle, pericardial effusion assessment, valve disease assessment, estimation of the right atrial pressure based on size and respiratory changes of inferior vena cava, establishing the diagnosis of ascending aortic dilatation, diagnosing pleural effusion and the presence of B-lines. The availability of hybrid cardiac/linear probe can expand the diagnostic capabilities by e.g. assessment of local complications resulting from the punctures preceding the invasive percutaneous procedures or detection of deep vein thrombosis. The agreement between the results of the PSID examination and the test performed by means of the stationary echocardiographs is high. The simplicity of PSID operation allows for their use in extension of physical examination. However, the basic training requirements are consistent with basic level of echocardiographic examination.


Handheld echocardiography PSID Pocket size imaging device Mobile echocardiographs Portable echocardiographs Pocket ultrasonographs 



Two dimensional


Three dimensional




Ejection fraction


Femoral artery


Femoral vein


Internal carotid artery


Internal vena cava


Left atrium


Left ventricular


Pocket size imaging device


Right atrium


Right ventricle


Transesophageal echocardiography


Transthoracic echocardiography


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dominika Filipiak-Strzecka
    • 1
  • Piotr Lipiec
    • 1
  • Jarosław D. Kasprzak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of CardiologyBieganski Hospital, Medical University of LodzLodzPoland

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