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Full Schematic Echocardiographic Formulas and Points

  • Azin Alizadehasl
  • Anita Sadeghpour
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter the echocardiography formulas are listed to provide an understanding of useful and practical, basic and advanced echocardiographic calculations and measurements. The required parameters of these formulas are included in the echocardiographic machine software, so the operator need an understanding of the principles involved these quantifications and it is necessary to be aware of the indications and limitations of their use.

Keywords

Echocardiographic Formulas Calculation in echocardiography Points of Echocardiography Stroke volume Cardiac Output Ejection Fraction Myocardial performance index 

Abbreviations

AO

Aortic opening

AVA

Aortic valve area

AVR

Aortic valve replacement

CSA

Cross-sectional area

CW

Continuous wave

DD

Diastolic dysfunction

DF

Diastolic function

DTI

Doppler tissue imaging

ET

Ejection time

HOCM

Hypertrophic obstructive cardio myopathy

HV

Hepatic vein

IVCT

Isovolumic contraction time

IVRT

Isovolumic relaxation time

LA

Left atrium

LPA

Left atrial pressure

LVOT

Left ventricular outflow tract

LVOT VTI

LVOT Sub-valvular velocity time integral

MR

Mitral regurgitation

MV

Mitral valve

MVA

Mitral valve area

PHT

Pressure half-time

PISA

Proximal isovelocity surface area

PW

Pulsed wave

RAP

RA pressure

RUPV

Right upper pulmonary vein

RVFAC

Right ventricular fractional area change

RVOT

Right ventricular outflow tract diameter

RVOT VTI

RVOT Sub-valvular velocity time integral

RVSP

Right ventricular systolic pressure

RWT

Relative wall thickness

SPAP

Systolic pulmonary artery pressure

TCO

Tricuspid valve opening time

Vp

Propagation velocity

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 1
  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 2
  1. 1.Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran
  2. 2.Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterIran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran

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