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Echocardiography in Patients with Ventricular Assist Devices

  • Anita Sadeghpour
  • Azin Alizadehasl
Chapter

Abstract

Cardiac assist devices and mechanical circulatory supports (MCSs) play an important role in the management of end-stage heart disease.

MCSs are mechanical pumps to support or replace the ventricular heart function.

In patients who are candidate for MCSs implantation: echocardiography is the first-line imaging modality for patient selection, pre implantation, during implantation and after implantation to optimize the device settings. In this chapter, we will review role of echocardiography in patients who are candidate for ventricular assist devices (VADs) implantation.

Keywords

Echocardiography Ventricular assist devices Biventricular assist devices Right ventricular assist devices Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) Inflow-cannula abnormality Pump malfunction Pump arrest 

Abbreviations

ASE

American society of echocardiography

AV

Aortic valve

CFI

Color flow imaging

FDA

Food and drug administration

LVAD

Left ventricular assist device

LVADs

Left ventricular assist devices

LVEF

Left ventricular ejection fraction

LVIDd

Left ventricular internal diameter

MCSs

Mechanical circulatory supports

MR

Mitral regurgitation

MV

Mitral valve

PFO

Patent foramen ovales

RV

Right ventricular

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiography

TTE

Transthoracic echocardiography

VADs

Ventricular assist devices

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anita Sadeghpour
    • 1
  • Azin Alizadehasl
    • 2
  1. 1.Professor of CardiologyEchocardiography Research Center, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical ScienceTehranIran
  2. 2.Associate Professor of Cardiology, Echocardiologist, Echocardiography and Cardiogenetic Research CentersCardio-Oncology Department, Rajaie Cardiovascular Medical and Research CenterTehranIran

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