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Infective Endocarditis

  • Trine K. Lauridsen
  • Anna Lisa CrowleyEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Infective endocarditis (IE) is an infection of the endocardial lining of the heart, the heart valves, intracardiac devices or prosthetic valves. The infection is mainly localized on the valvular structures, on the low flow side of the valves or at locations with endocardial damage. In this chapter we will review the epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE), the Modified Duke criteria for diagnosing IE and understand the role of echocardiography in the diagnosis of IE and complications, demonstrating echocardiograms of cases with native and prosthetic valve infective endocarditis, defining sensitivity and specificity of different echocardiographic modalities in native and prosthetic valve infective endocarditis and describing the diagnostic and prognostic role of echocardiographic findings in IE.

Keywords

Endocarditis Cardiac infection Valvular complications 

Abbreviations

AV

Aortic valve

IE

Infective endocarditis

LA

Left atrium

LV

Left ventricle

LVOT

Left ventrivular outflow tract

MV

Mitral valve

RA

Right atrium

TEE

Transesophageal echocardiography

TTE

Transthoracic echocardiography

Supplementary material

Movie 19.1

: Long axis TEE view showing the aortic valve with an oscillating vegetation on the non-coronary cusp (AVI 25479 kb)

Movie 19.2

: Color Doppler reveals valvular destruction of the non-coronary cusp with severe aortic regurgitation (AVI 4090 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Gentofte University HospitalCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Duke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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