Miscellaneous Shunts

  • Jonathan Kochav
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)


In addition to atrial level defects, ventricular septal defects, atrioventricular septal defects, and persistent patent ductus arteriosus, there exist several other congenital left-to-right shunts that are rare enough not to warrant their own chapter or set of guidelines, but still deserve mention.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Kochav
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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