Tetralogy of Fallot

  • Jonathan Kochav
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)


  • Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common cyanotic congenital heart lesion after infancy, with an incidence of 4–5 per 10,000 live births. It accounts for about ~5% of cases of congenital heart disease worldwide. This chapter describes the anatomy and physiology of the tetralogy of Fallot, the anatomy and physiology of the palliative shunts and repairs used to treat the disease in infancy, the primary modalities used for diagnosis and surveillance, and the options and indications for surgical or percutaneous intervention in adult patients.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jonathan Kochav
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA

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