Advertisement

The Mayors’ Political Career: Between Local and National Ambition

  • Jérémy Dodeigne
  • Joanna Krukowska
  • Aistė Lazauskienė
Chapter
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)

Abstract

In this chapter, the authors identify and explain variation in the mayors’ political career by identifying different career patterns. First, they focus on pre-mayoral experience examining seniority in municipal council and other political positions prior to the mayoral mandate. Second, they examine the professionalisation of mayors in office. Third, they analyze mayors’ ambition to remain in local politics or move on towards upper tiers of government. Mayors’ different career paths question the interconnectedness between the tiers of government as well as the emergence of local political actors across these levels. This empirical analysis shows that European mayoral careers are primarily locally oriented in terms of recruitment, occupation and future ambition. Differences within and across countries, however, can be explained by the specific national institutional and municipal socio-demographics configurations.

Keywords

Mayor’s political career Career system Cumul des mandates Political ambitions 

References

  1. Askim, J., Klausen, J. E., Vabo, S. I., & Bjurstrøm, K. (2016). What Causes Municipal Amalgamation Reform? Rational Explanations Meet Western European Experiences, 2004–2013. In S. Kuhlmann & G. Bouckaert (Eds.), Local Public Sector Reforms in the Times of Crisis (pp. 59–80). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Best, H. (2007). New Challenges, New Elites? Changes in the Recruitment and Career Patterns of European Representative Elites. Comparative Sociology, 6(1–2), 85–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Best, H., & Vogel, L. (2014). The Sociology of Legislators and Legislatures. In S. Martin, T. Saalfeld, & K. Strøm (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Legislative Studies (pp. 57–81). Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  4. Bledsoe, T. (1993). Careers in City Politics: The Case for Urban Democracy. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh.Google Scholar
  5. Bochel, J., & Denver, D. (1983). Candidate Selection in the Labour Party: What the Selectors Seek. British Journal of Political Science, 13(1), 45–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borchert, J., & Stolz, K. (2011a). Institutional Order and Career Patterns: Some Comparative Considerations. Regional & Federal Studies, 21(2), 271–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Borchert, J., & Stolz, K. (2011b). Introduction: Political Careers in Multi-level Systems. Regional & Federal Studies, 21(2), 107–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Brenner, N. (2004). New State Spaces: Urban Governance at the Rescaling of Statehood. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Copus, C. (2004). Party Politics and Local Government. Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Cotta, M., & Best, H. (Eds.). (2007). Democratic Representation in Europe: Diversity, Change and Convergence. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dahl, R. A. (1961). Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City. New Haven/London: Yale University Press.Google Scholar
  12. De Winter, L., & Brans, M. (2003). Belgium: Political Professionals and the Crisis of the Party State. In J. Borchert (Ed.), The Political Class in Advanced Democracies (pp. 45–66). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Denters, B., & Rose, L. (2005). Towards Local Governance? In B. Denters & L. Rose (Eds.), Comparing Local Governance. Trends and Developments (pp. 246–262). London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Deschouwer, K. (2006). Political Parties as Multi-level Organizations. In R. S. Katz & W. J. Crotty (Eds.), Handbook of Party Politics (pp. 291–299). London: SAGE Publications Ltd.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dodeigne, J. (2014). (Re-)Assessing Career Patterns in Multi-level Systems: Insights from Wallonia in Belgium. Regional & Federal Studies, 24(2), 151–171.Google Scholar
  16. Dodeigne, Jérémy (2017). ‘Who governs? The disputed effects of regionalism on legislative career orientation in multilevel systems’, West European Politics.Google Scholar
  17. Edinger, M., & Jahr, S. (Eds.). (2015). Political Careers in Europe: Career Patterns in Multi level Systems. Baden-Baden: Nomos.Google Scholar
  18. Erzeel, S., & Caluwaerts, D. (2015). Is It Gender, Ideology or Resources? Individual-Level Determinants of Preferential Voting for Male or Female Candidates. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, 25(3), 265–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Fiers, S. (2001). Level-Hopping in a Multi-level Political Landscape: Political Careers in Belgium and France. Paper presented at the ECPR Joint Sessions of Workshops, Grenoble.Google Scholar
  20. Fox, R. L., & Lawless, J. L. (2005). To Run or not to Run for Office: Explaining Nascent Political Ambition. American Journal of Political Science, 49(3), 642–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Gash, T., & Sims, S. (2012). What Can Elected Mayors Do for Our Cities. London: Institute for Government.Google Scholar
  22. Guérin, É., & Kerrouche, É. (2008). From Amateurs to Professionals: The Changing Face of Local Elected Representatives in Europe. Local Government Studies, 34(2), 179–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hibbing, J. R. (1999). Legislative Careers: Why and How We Should Study Them. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 24(2), 149–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Keating, M. (2008). Thirty Years of Territorial Politics. West European Politics, 31(1–2), 60–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kjær, U. (2006). The Mayor’s Political Career. In H. Bäck, H. Heinelt, & A. Magnier (Eds.), The European Mayor: Political Leaders in the Changing Context of Local Democracy (pp. 75–98). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kreuzer, M., & Stephan, I. (2003). France: Enduring Notables, Weak Parties, and Powerful Technocrats. In J. Borchert & J. Zeiss (Eds.), The Political Class in Advanced Democracies (pp. 124–141). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kuhlmann, S., & Bouckaert, G. (2016). Local Public Sector Reforms in the Times of Crisis. National Trajectories and International Comparisons. London: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  28. Ladner, A., Keuffer, N., & Baldersheim, H. (2016). Measuring Autonomy in 39 Countries (1990–2014). Regional and Federal Studies, 26(3), 321–357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Magnier, A. (2006). Strong Mayors? On Direct Election and Political Entrepreneurship. In H. Bäck, H. Heinelt, & A. Magnier (Eds.), The European Mayor: Political Leaders in the Changing Context of Local Democracy (pp. 353–376). Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Matthews, D. R. (1984). Legislative Recruitment and Legislative Careers. Legislative Studies Quarterly, 9(4), 547–585.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Montero, A. P. (2007). The Limits of Decentralisation: Legislative Careers and Territorial Representation in Spain. West European Politics, 30(3), 573–594.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Murphy, R. D. (1980). Whither the Mayors—A Note on Mayoral Careers. Journal of Politics, 42(1), 277–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Niven, D. (1998). Party Elites and Women Candidates. Women & Politics, 19(2), 57–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Oñate, P. (2013). Moving up, Moving down. The Parliamentary Elite in Spain Political Arenas and Political Classes. In G. Lachapelle, W. Grant, & P. Oñate (Eds.), Handbook in New Regionalism and Multi-level Governance. New York: Routledge.Google Scholar
  35. Pilet, J. B., Fiers, S., & Steyvers, K. (2007). Des élus multi-niveaux. Carrière politique et recrutement des élites en Belgique. In A. Faure, J.-P. Leresche, P. Muller, & S. Nahrath (Eds.), L’action publique à l’épreuve des changements d’échelle (pp. 309–320). Paris: PUF.Google Scholar
  36. Prinz, T. S. (1993). The Career Paths of Elected Politicians: A Review and Prospectus. In S. Williams & E. L. Lascher (Eds.), Ambition and Beyond: Career Paths of American Politicians (pp. 11–63). Berkeley: Institute of Governmental Studies Press.Google Scholar
  37. Recchi, E., & Verzichelli, L. (2003). The Homeland of the Political Class. In J. Borchert & J. Zeiss (Eds.), The Political Class in Advanced Democracies (pp. 223–244). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Rokkan, S. (1966). Electoral Mobilization, Party Competition, and National Integration. In J. La Palombara & M. Weiner (Eds.), Political Parties and Political Development (pp. 241–266). Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  39. Ryšavý, D. (2013). European Mayors and Councilors: Similarities and Differences. In B. Egner, D. Sweeting, & P.-J. Klok (Eds.), Local Councillors in Europe (pp. 161–180). Wiesbaden: Springer VS.Google Scholar
  40. Sartori, G. (1970). Concept Misformation in Comparative Politics. The American Political Science Review, 64(4), 1033–1053.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schlesinger, J. (1966). Ambition and Politics, Political Careers in the United States. Chicago: Rand McNally.Google Scholar
  42. Squire, P. (2014). Electoral Career Movements and the Flow of Political Power in the American Federal System. State Politics & Policy Quarterly, 14(1), 72–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Stolz, K. (2003). Moving Up, Moving Down: Political Careers Across Territorial Levels. European Journal of Political Research, 42, 223–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Thorlakson, L. (2006). Party Systems in Multi-level Contexts. In D. Hough & C. Jeffery (Eds.), Devolution and Electoral Politics (pp. 37–52). Manchester: Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  45. Vanlangenakker, I., Maddens, B., & Put, G. E. (2013). Career Patterns in Multilevel States: An Analysis of the Belgian Regions. Regional Studies, 47(3), 356–367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Weber, M. (1946). Politics as a Vocation. In H. H. Gerth & C. Wright Mills (Eds.), From Max Weber: Essays in Sociology (pp. 77–128). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  47. Wollmann, H. (2012). Local Government Reforms in (Seven) European Countries: Between Convergent and Divergent, Conflicting and Complementary Developments. Local Government Studies, 38(1), 41–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jérémy Dodeigne
    • 1
  • Joanna Krukowska
    • 2
  • Aistė Lazauskienė
    • 3
  1. 1.Université de Namur – UNamurNamurBelgium
  2. 2.University of Warsaw, Faculty of Geography and Regional Studies, Department of Local Development and PolicyWarszawaPoland
  3. 3.Faculty of Political Science and Diplomacy, Department of Public AdministrationVytautas Magnus UniversityKaunasLithuania

Personalised recommendations