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Intelligent Text Processing to Help Readers with Autism

  • Constantin Orăsan
  • Richard Evans
  • Ruslan Mitkov
Chapter
Part of the Studies in Computational Intelligence book series (SCI, volume 740)

Abstract

Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which has a life-long impact on the lives of people diagnosed with the condition. In many cases, people with ASD are unable to derive the gist or meaning of written documents due to their inability to process complex sentences, understand non-literal text, and understand uncommon and technical terms. This paper presents FIRST, an innovative project which developed language technology (LT) to make documents more accessible to people with ASD. The project has produced a powerful editor which enables carers of people with ASD to prepare texts suitable for this population. Assessment of the texts generated using the editor showed that they are not less readable than those generated more slowly as a result of onerous unaided conversion and were significantly more readable than the originals. Evaluation of the tool shows that it can have a positive impact on the lives of people with ASD.

Keywords

Language technology Autism spectrum disorder Text simplification Text accessibility 

Mathematics Subject Classification (2010)

Primary 97R40 Secondary 91F20 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the contribution of all the partners to the project. This paper would not have been possible without their contribution to the various stages of the research carried out. We would also like to thank the carers and individuals with high-functioning autism who participated in the different evaluations reported in this paper. The research was partially funded by the EC under the 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7- ICT-2011.5.5 FIRST 287607).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Constantin Orăsan
    • 1
  • Richard Evans
    • 1
  • Ruslan Mitkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute in Information and Language ProcessingUniversity of WolverhamptonWolverhamptonUK

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