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Meteorological Ground Stations

  • Stojče Dimov Ilčev
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter introduces the importance of ground station in satellite meteorology, weather prediction, and climatology for enhancement of the Global Observation System (GOS) as a coordinated system of modern methods and facilities operationally reliable surface-based and space-based subsystems.

Acronyms

16APSK

16-Ary Amplitude and PSK

32APSK

32-Ary Amplitude and PSK

AAPP

ATOVS and AVHRR processing package

ACE

Advanced Composition Explorer

ACM

Adaptive Coding and Modulation

ADE

Above deck equipment

ADRS

Ancillary Data Relay System

AES

Aircraft Earth station

AGC

Automatic gain control

AGC

Automatic generation control

AHRPT

Advance High-Rate Picture Transmission

AHRPT

Advanced High-Resolution Picture Transmission

AIS

Adaptive Inroute Selection

AIU

Antenna interface unit

ALADIN

Atmospheric Laser Doppler Instrument

AMBE

Advanced Multiband Excitation

AMSC

Aeronautical Mobile Satellite Communications

AOR

Atlantic Ocean Region

APT

Automatic Picture Transmission

ASCAT

ATOVS Advanced Scatterometer

ASM

Attached synchronization markers

ATMS

Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder

ATOVS

Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder

AVHRR

Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer

AWIPS

Advanced Weather Interactive Processing System

BDC

Block Down-Converter

BDE

Bellow equipment

BGAN

Broadband Global Area Network

BGS

Back-up Ground Station

BIT/BITE

Built-in-test-equipment

BRGS

Back-up and Ranging Ground Station

BSCC

Back-up Satellite Control Centre

BSS

Broadcast satellite system

BUC

Block Up Converter

BWC

Broadcasting Weather Centre

CBR

Constant bit rate

CBU

Consolidated Backup

CCD

Charged-coupled device

CCM

Constant Coding and Modulation

CCSDS

Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems

CDMA

Code division multiple access

CERES

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System

CES

Coast Earth Stations

CGMS

Coordinating Group on Meteorological Satellites

CIR

Committed information rate

CIU

Computer interface units

CLASS

Comprehensive Large Array-Data Stewardship System

CM

Cloud mask

CMA

China Meteorological Administration

CMW

Cloud motion winds

CNS

Communication, navigation, and surveillance

CNSA

China National Space Administration

COTS

Commercial off-the-shelf

CrIS

Cross-track Infrared Sounder

CT

Cloud type

CTTH

Cloud top temperature and height

DAPS

DCS Automatic Processing System

DCC

Data Collection Centre

DCP

Data Collection Platform

DCS

Data collection system

DCS

Meteosat Data Collection System

DevCoCast

Developing Countries Project

DLT

Digital Linear Tape

DMI

Danish Meteorological Institute

DoD

Department of Defense

DRDS

DCP Retransmission Data System

DRGS

Direct Readout Ground Station

DRS

Direct Readout Service

DSB

Direct Sounder Broadcasts

DSNG

Digital satellite news gathering

DSP

Digital signal processing

DTH

Direct-to-home

DTHTV

Direct-to-home TV

DVB

Digital Video Broadcasting

DVB-RCS

Digital Video Broadcasting-Return Channel via Satellite

DVB-S

DVB over satellite

EARS

EUMETSAT Advanced Retransmission Service

EDA

Electronically despun antenna

EDR

Environmental data records

EFOV

Effective field of view

EKU

EUMETCast Key Unit

ELG

Electronics Launching Group

EMWIN

Emergency Managers Weather Information Network

EO

Earth observation

EPS

EUMETSAT Polar System

ESA

European Space Agency

ESPC

Environmental Satellite Processing Center

ESPDS

Environmental Satellite Processing and Distribution System

ETSI

European Telecommunications Institute

FC

Fibre storage

FDES

Fast Dump Extract System

FEC

Forward error correction

FES

Fixed Earth station

FIT

Fixed Interactive Terminals

FIT

Fixed interactive terminals

FLS

Forward Link Subsystem

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

FWHM

Full Width Half Maximum

GaAS

Gallium Arsenide

GAC

Global area coverage

GCC

Gateway Control Centres

GCI

GEOSS Common Infrastructure

GDS

Global Data Set-free

GEO

Geostationary Earth orbit

GEOS

Group on Earth Observation System

GEOSS

Global Earth Observing System of Systems

GES

Ground Earth Station

GFCS

Global Framework for Climate Service

GMSC

Global Mobile Satellite Communication

GMSS

Global Meteorological Satellite System

GOES

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites

GRB

GOES Rebroadcast

GTS

Global Telecommunication System

GUI

Graphical User Interface

GVAR

GOES Variable

GWS

Global Weather Solutions

GX

GlobalXpress

HCP

High-Capacity Payload

HIRLAM

High-Resolution Local Area Modelling

HIRS

High-Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder

HQ

Headquarters

HR

Hurricane-Rated

HRD

High-Rate Data

HRIT

High-Rate Information Transmission

HRPT

High-Rate Picture Transmission

HRPT

High-Resolution Picture Transmission

HTS

High-Throughput Satellite

HTTP

Hypertext Transfer Protocol

HW

Hardware

IASI

Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

IDCS

International Data Collection System

IDCS

International DCP Station

IDD

Interactive Data Distribution

IDPS

Interface Data Processor Segment

IDS

Interactive Distribution Systems

IDU

Indoor Unit

IEC

International Electrotechnical Commission

IFDS

IF Data Switch

IFOV

Instantaneous Field of View

IGDDS

Integrated Global Data Dissemination System

IGOS

Integrated Global Observing System

IIS

Integrated Imaging Subsystem

IJPS

Initial Joint Polar-Orbiting System

IMO

International Maritime Organization

Inmarsat

International Maritime Satellite Organization

INPE

National Institute for Space Research

IODC

Indian Ocean Data Coverage

IOR

Indian Ocean Region

IP

Internet Protocol

IPO

Integrated Program Office

IPoS

IP over Satellite

IPPC

IP Personal Computer

IPTV

IP Television

IRAS

Infrared Atmospheric Sounder

IRD

Integrated Receiver Decoders

ISCCP

International Satellite Cloud Climatology Project

ISDN

Services Digital Network

ISRO

Indian Space Research Organization

JMA

Japan Meteorological Agency

JPSS

Joint Polar Satellite System

KPP

Key Performance Parameters

LAC

Local Area Coverage

LAN

Local area networks

LBT

Land-based transponder

LES

Land Earth Stations

LMSC

Land Mobile Satellite Communications

LNA

Low-noise amplifier

LNB

Low-noise block downconverter

LRD

Low-rate data

LRIT

Low-Rate Information Transmission

LRPT

Low-rate picture transmission

LTO

Linear Tape-Open

M2M

Machine-to-machine

MAC

Media access control

MARF

Meteorological Archive and Retrieval Facility

MCC

Mission Control Centre

MCPC

Multiple channels per carrier

MCU

Motor control unit

MDD

Meteorological data distribution

MDPS

Meteorological Data Processing System

MDRS

Meteorological Data Reception System

MDRS

Meteosat Data Retransmission System

MDSS

Meteorological Data Storage System

MEO

Medium Earth orbit

MES

Mobile Earth stations

MF-TDMA

Multifrequency time division multiple access

MIT

Mobile interactive terminals

MMD

Malaysia Meteorological Department

MMI

Man-machine interfaces

MMSC

Maritime Mobile Satellite Communications

MNCS

Meteorological Network Clients Centre

MOA

Memorandum of agreement

MOP

Meteosat Operational Programme

MOSAIC

Meteosat Operational Systems for data Acquisition and InterChange

MPEF

Meteorological Products Extraction Facility

MPEG-2

Moving Picture Experts Group-2

MPLS

Multi-Protocol Label Switching

MSC

Meteorological Satellite Center

MSG

Meteosat Second Generation

MTN

Main Telecommunication Network

MTP

Meteosat Transition Programme

MTP/SO

Multicast Transport Protocol/Self-Organizing

MTSAT

Multifunctional Transport Satellite

MUX

Multiplexer

MWHS-II

Microwave Humidity Sounder-II

MWTS-II

Microwave Temperature Sounder-II

NCADAS

NOAA Command and Data Acquisition Stations

NCC

Network Control Centre

NCR

Network clock reference

NCS

Network Coordination Stations

NESDIS

National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service

NetMAC

Network Monitor and Control

NHMS

National Hydro-Meteorological Services

NMC

National Meteorological Centres

NMHS

National Meteorological and Hydrological Services

NMIC

National Meteorological Information Center

NMTN

National Meteorological Telecommunication Networks

NOAA

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOC

Network Operations Centre

NPOESS

National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP

National Polar-orbiting Partnership

NSMC

National Satellite Meteorological Center

NSOF

National Satellite Operations Facility

NTN

National Telecommunication Networks

NWC

Numerical weather nowcasting

NWP

Numerical weather prediction

OCC

Operations Control Centre

ODU

Outdoor unit

OMPS

Ozone mapping and profiler suite

OSDPD

Office of Satellite Data Processing and Distribution

OSPO

Office of Satellite and Product Operations

PC

Computers

PCIe

Peripheral Component Interconnect Express

PDA

Product Distribution and Access

PDUS

Primary Data User Station

PEO

Polar Earth Orbit

PES

Personal Earth Station

PGS

Primary Ground Station

PLL

phase-locked loop

PML

Plymouth Marine Laboratory

PMSC

Personal Mobile Satellite Communications

POE

Power over Ethernet

POR

Pacific Ocean Region

PPN

Product Processing Node

PTM

Point-to-Multipoint

QHA

Quadrifilar helix antenna

QoS

Quality of service

RARS

Regional ATOVS Retransmission Services

RDI

Restricted digital information

RF

Radio frequency

RF-IF

Radio frequency-intermediate frequency

RMDCN

Regional Meteorological Data Communication Network

RMTN

Regional Meteorological Telecommunication Networks

RSMC

Regional Specialized Meteorological Centres

RTH

Regional Telecommunication Hub

RTN

Regional Telecommunication Networks

Rx

Receiver

SAF

Satellite Application Facility

SAN

Storage area network

SARSAT

Search and Rescue Satellite-Aided Tracking

SATAID

Satellite Animation and Interactive Diagnosis

SCADA

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition

SCPC

Single channel per carrier

SCU

Subscriber communication units

SDK

Software development kit

SDTV

Satellite digital TV

SDUS

Secondary Data User Station

SES

Ship Earth station

SMATV

Satellite Master Antenna Television

SNG

Satellite News Gathering

SOCC

Satellite Operations Command Center

SSPA

Solid-state power amplifiers

TCP

Transmission Control Protocol

TCP/IP

Transmission Control Protocol/IP

TES

Transportable Earth Station

TMSC

Transportable Mobile Satellite Communications

TTN

Terrestrial Telecommunication Network

Tx

Transmitter

UDI

Unrestricted digital information

UDP

Unicast Discovery Protocol

UGS

User ground stations

UMTS

Universal Mobile Telecommunications Service

UN

United Nations

UNS

User Notification Service

UPS

Uninterruptible power supply

USDF

User Station Display Facility

VASS

Vertical Atmospheric Sounding Service

VCDU

Virtual channel data units

VCM

Variable Coding and Modulation

VCoIP

Videoconference over IP

VDV

Voice, data, and video

VDVoIP

Voice, data, and video over IP

VES

Vehicle Earth station

VHRR

Very high-resolution radiometer

VIIRS

Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite

VITO

Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek

VoIP

Voice over IP

VPN

Virtual private network

VSAT

Very small aperture terminal

WCDAS

Wallops Command Data Acquisition Center

WDS

Weather decision support

WEFAX

Weather facsimile

WIGOS

WMO Integrated Global Observing System

WIS

WMO Information System

WMC

World Meteorological Centres

WMO

World Meteorological Observation

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WWW

World Weather Watch

WX

Weather

xDSL

xDigital Subscriber Line

XIPS

Xenon Ion Propulsion System

XLink

XpressLink

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stojče Dimov Ilčev
    • 1
  1. 1.Durban University of Technology (DUT)DurbanSouth Africa

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