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Satellite Remote Sensing in Meteorology

  • Stojče Dimov Ilčev
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides meteorologists with an overview of remote sensing technologies and their general application as a special science of gathering information from a location that is distant from the data source. Thus, characteristics of both aerial and satellite remote sensing techniques are the common platforms that can play a very important role in data and image detection for meteorological observation and weather gathering. Image analysis is the science of interpreting specific criteria from a remotely sensed image. An individual may visually, or with the assistance of computer enhancement, extract information from an image, whether it is furnished in the form of an aerial photograph, a multispectral satellite scene, a radar image, a base of lidar data, or a thermal scan.

Acronyms

ATOMMS

Active Temperature, Ozone and Moisture Microwave Spectrometer

AMSR-E

Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer-EOS

AMSU

Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer

AIRS

Atmospheric Infrared Sounder

AMV

Atmospheric Motion Vectors

CCD

Charge-Coupled Devices

CALIPSO

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations

CALIOP

Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization

CERES

Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System

CAD

Computer-Aided Design

CADD

Computer-Aided Design and Drafting

CAM

Computer-Aided Manufacturing

DEM

Digital Elevation Models

DSM

Digital Surface Models

DTM

Digital Terrain Model

EO

Earth Observation

EOS

Earth Observing System

ERBE

Earth Radiation Budget Experiment

EM

Electromagnetic

EMR

EM Radiation

ESA

European Space Agency

FMI

Finnish Meteorological Institute

FLIR

Forward-Looking Infrared

GIS

Geographic Information System

DLR

German Aerospace Centre

GNSS

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

GOS

Global Observing System

GES

Ground Earth Stations

HIRDLS

High-Resolution Dynamics Limb Sounder

HSB

Humidity Sounder for Brazil

IIR

Imaging Infrared Radiometer

IS

Information Systems

IGOS

Integrated GOS

ICU

International Cartographic Union

JPL

Jet Propulsion Laboratory

JPSS

Joint Polar Satellite System

LST

Land Surface Temperature

LIDAR

Light Detection and Ranging

LOS

Line of Sight

MOPITT

Measurements of Pollution in the Troposphere

MOS

Metal-Oxide Semiconductor

MW

Microwave

MLS

Microwave Limb Sounder

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer

MISR

Multi-angle Imaging Spectroradiometer

MSS

Multispectral Scanners

NIVR

Netherlands’s Agency for Aerospace Programs

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

OMI

Ozone Monitoring Instrument

PVT

Position, Velocity, and Time

PCA

Principal Component Analysis

RADAR

Radio Detection and Ranging

SSAR

Satellite Synthetic Aperture Radar

SDSM

SD Stability Monitor

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

SAR

Search and Rescue

SLA

Side Looking Aperture

SD

Solar Diffuser

SONAR

Sound Navigation and Ranging

SSAR

Space Synthetic Aperture Radar

SRCA

Spectral Radiometric Calibration Assembly

SPS

Stratospheric Platform Systems

TIROS

Television Infrared Observation Satellite

TM

Thematic Mappers

TOMS

Total Ozone Monitoring Sensor

TRMM

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

TES

Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer

UV

Ultraviolet

UH

University of Hamburg

UAV

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

VCR

Videorecorder

VIRS

Visible and Infrared Sounder

VIS

Visible Image

WV

Water Vapor

WFC

Wide Field Camera

IWWG

Wind Working Group

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stojče Dimov Ilčev
    • 1
  1. 1.Durban University of Technology (DUT)DurbanSouth Africa

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