Advertisement

Managing Meteorological and Oceanographic In Situ Data in the WMO Framework

  • Etienne Charpentier
Chapter
Part of the Springer Oceanography book series (SPRINGEROCEAN)

Abstract

The chapter begins with the requirements for marine meteorological and oceanographic (meteo-ocean) data for WMO applications. The meteo-ocean observations are not only used for scientific research purposes, but also allow realizing socioeconomic benefits and addressing the needs of many activities such as the safety of life and property at sea, operations in the open and coastal ocean areas, the protection and sustainable development of the ocean and marine environment, numerical weather prediction and operational meteorology, the monitoring and prediction of seasonal-to-interannual climate variability and climate change, and the efficient management of marine resources. The chapter provides information on the processes used to assess gaps and to provide guidance and World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Member Countries and Territories to address the gaps and make the observing system evolve. The role of the WMO, collaborating with the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC), in making and collecting observations from and over the oceans is explained. In particular, implementation targets for various types of meteo-ocean observing platforms are detailed. The chapter then provides information on meteoceano data management in the WMO framework, including for the collection of data in real-time and delayed mode, quality control, collection of metadata, and feedback of quality information to the observing platform operators. The existing sources of meteo-ocean data are listed, and relevant data policies explained. Finally, the chapter gives information on how to access data and provides an incentive for sharing the data.

Acronyms

ADCP

Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler

AT

Air Temperature

CTD

Conductivity Temperature and Depth

ERDDAP

Environmental Research Division’s Data Access Program

ENSO

El Niño Southern Oscillation

GCOS

WMO-IOC-UNEP-ICSU Global Climate Observing System

GFCS

Global Framework for Climate Services

GOOS

IOC-WMO-UNEP-ICSU Global Ocean Observing System

ICSU

International Council for Science

IOC

Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO

JCOMM

Joint WMO-IOC Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology

Meteo-ocean

Marine Meteorological and Oceanographic

MSWH

Mean Significant Wave Height

NWP

Numerical Weather Prediction

OSCAR

Observing System Capability Analysis and Review platform – oscar.wmo.int

PIRATA

Prediction and Research Moored Array in the Tropical Atlantic

RAMA

Research Moored Array for African-Asian-Australian Monsoon Analysis and Prediction

RH

Air Relative Humidity

SLP

Sea Level Pressure

SOO

Ship of Opportunity

SSS

Sea Surface Salinity

SST

Sea Surface Temperature

TAO

Tropical Atmosphere Ocean

TRITON

Triangle Trans-Ocean Buoy Network

UN

United Nations

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO

United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

VOS

Voluntary Observing Ship

WIGOS

WMO Integrated Global Observing System

WIS

WMO Information System

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

XBT

Expendable Bathythermograph

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.WMO Observing Systems DivisionWMO Secretariat, July 2016GenevaSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations