Risk Assessment

Chapter

Abstract

Every year millions of patients who suffer from valvular heart disease (VHD) undergo a heart surgery. The comorbidity, prior clinical conditions, but also surgery, anesthesia, an intensive post-operative care, so all the perioperative and post-operative procedures have an important prognostic effect on patient morbidity and mortality.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maria Eleonora Hospital, Palermo-GVM-Care and ResearchPalermoItaly

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