Empirical Investigation of Scrumban in Global Software Development

  • Ahmad Banijamali
  • Research Dawadi
  • Muhammad Ovais Ahmad
  • Jouni Similä
  • Markku Oivo
  • Kari Liukkunen
Conference paper
Part of the Communications in Computer and Information Science book series (CCIS, volume 692)


Scrumban combines two Agile approaches (Scrum and Kanban) to create a management framework for improving software engineering practices. Scrumban is expected to override both Scrum and Kanban, as it inherits the best features of both. However, there is little understanding of the possible impact of Scrumban on software development in prior studies. This study first makes a comparison among Scrum, Kanban, and Scrumban and then investigates the impact of Scrumban on six major challenges of global software development. This study was conducted in a distributed project at two Software Factories in two universities in Finland and Italy. The results show that Scrumban could positively affect issues such as evenness of different sites, communication, and cultural issues as well as leveraging resources among sites. However, there are still few challenges that require alternative methodologies and tools other than Scrumban to be overcome.


Agile Distributed software development Kanban Scrum Scrumban Software factory 



This research was supported by the DIGILE Need for Speed program, and partially funded by Tekes (the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation). We would like to thank DIGILE and Tekes for their support and the University of Bolzano for its excellent collaboration.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ahmad Banijamali
    • 1
  • Research Dawadi
    • 1
  • Muhammad Ovais Ahmad
    • 1
  • Jouni Similä
    • 1
  • Markku Oivo
    • 1
  • Kari Liukkunen
    • 1
  1. 1.M3S Research Unit, Faculty of Information Technology and Electrical EngineeringUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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