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Ambiguity Results in the Characterization of hv-convex Polyominoes from Projections

  • Elena Barcucci
  • Paolo Dulio
  • Andrea Frosini
  • Simone Rinaldi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10502)

Abstract

In 1997 R. Gardner and P. Gritzmann proved a milestone result for uniqueness in Discrete Tomography: a finite convex discrete set can be uniquely determined by projections taken in any set of seven planar directions. The number of required directions can be reduced to 4, providing their cross-ratio, arranged in order of increasing angle with the positive x-axis, does not belong to the set \(\{4/3, 3/2, 2, 3, 4\}\).

Later studies, supported by experimental evidence, allow us to conjecture that a similar result may also hold for the wider class of hv-convex polyominoes.

In this paper we shed some light on the differences between these two classes, providing new 4-tuples of discrete directions that do not lead to a unique reconstruction of hv-convex polyominoes. We reach our main result by a constructive process. This generates switching components along four directions by a recursive composition of only three of them, and then by shifting the obtained structure along the fourth one.

Furthermore, we stress the role that the horizontal and the vertical directions have in preserving the hv-convexity property. This is pointed out by showing that these often appear in the 4-tuples of directions that allow uniqueness.

A final characterization theorem for hv-convex polyominoes is still left as open question.

Keywords

Discrete geometry Discrete tomography hv-convex set Uniqueness problem Switching component 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study has been partially supported by INDAM - GNCS Project 2016.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Barcucci
    • 1
  • Paolo Dulio
    • 2
  • Andrea Frosini
    • 1
  • Simone Rinaldi
    • 3
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Matematica e Informatica “U. Dini”Università di FirenzeFlorenceItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Matematica “F. Brioschi”Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell’Informazione e Scienze MatematicheUniversità di SienaSienaItaly

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