A Case Study of an EU Procurement Process in an African Country
- 525 Downloads
This chapter will explore the role of morality in corruption, going down a route of examining corruption in the procurement process using a somewhat uncommonly applied axiological lens. It will establish the aspiring diction of the EU in terms of corruption as an expression of a moral high ground on how to intellectually deal with the phenomenon. Problems arise when rhetoric is translated to reality, illustrated by delineating the EU moral stance on corruption and looking how this relates to a case study of corruption in the procurement process. It is argued that universal moral laws do exist, however, they must be dealt with differently in the highly varied cultural context of the world—as long as one remembers, acknowledges and takes into consideration those laws.
KeywordsProcurement Process Universal Moral Law Moral High Ground Local Security Solutions Corrupt Behavior
- Bahm, Archie J. 1993. Axiology: The Science of Values. Amsterdam: Rodopi.Google Scholar
- Bazerman, Max, and Ann Tenbrunsel. (2011). Stumbling Into Bad Behavior. The New York Times, April 20. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/21/opinion/21bazerman.html. Accessed 17 April 2017.
- Cialdini, Robert. 1993. Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. New York: Quill.Google Scholar
- Council of Europe. 2002. Criminal Law Convention on Corruption (CoE ETS No.173).Google Scholar
- ———. 2003. Civil Law Convention on Corruption (CoE ETS No.174).Google Scholar
- Darley, John M. 2005. The Cognitive and Social Psychology of the Contagious Organizational Corruption. Brooklyn Law Review 70 (4): 1177–1194.Google Scholar
- Dawkins, Richard. 2008. The Genius of Charles Darwin – HD Full Length (All 3 Episodes). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A0VnuhHq5m0. Accessed 30 April 2017.
- European Commission. 2007. Report from the Commission to the Council based on Article 9 of the Council Framework Decision 2003/568/JHA of 22 July 2003 on Combating Corruption in the Private Sector (COM(2007) 328).Google Scholar
- ———. 2011. Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, based on Article 9 of Council Framework Decision 2003/568/JHA of 22 July 2003 on combating corruption in the private sector (COM(2011) 309).Google Scholar
- ———. 2014. EU Anti-Corruption Report (COM(2014) 38).Google Scholar
- Fazekas, Mihaly, Luciana Cingolani, and Bence Tóth. 2016. A Comprehensive Review of Objective Corruption Proxies in Public Procurement: Risky Actors, Transactions, and Vehicles of Rent Extraction. Working Paper series: GTI-WP/2016:03. Budapest: Government Transparency Institute.Google Scholar
- Feldman, Richard. 2003. Epistemology. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education.Google Scholar
- Harris, Sam. 2010. Science Can Answer Moral Questions. https://www.ted.com/talks/sam_harris_science_can_show_what_s_right. Accessed 1 April 2017.
- ———. 2011. The Moral Landscape: How Science Can Determine Human Values. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
- Heidenheimer, Arnold J. 2002. Perspectives on the Perception of Corruption. In Political Corruption – Concepts and Contexts, ed. Arnold J. Heidenheimer and Michael Johnston, 141–154. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
- Kahneman, Daniel. 2011. Thinking, Fast and Slow. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.Google Scholar
- Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina, and Ramin Dadasov. 2017. When Do Laws Matter? The Evidence on National Integrity Enabling Contexts. Crime, Law and Social Change 1–16.Google Scholar
- Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina, et al. 2015. Public Integrity and Trust in the European Union. Berlin: ERCAS, Hertie School of Governance.Google Scholar
- Nohria, Nitin. 2015. You’re Not as Virtuous as You Think. The Washington Post, October 15. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/youre-not-as-virtuous-as-you-think/2015/10/15/fec227c4-66b4-11e5-9ef3-fde182507eac_story.html?utm_term=.f6095dc2b4db. Accessed 17 April 2017.
- OECD. 2007. Integrity in Public Procurement. Good Practice from A to Z. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- ———. 2009. OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- ———. 2013. Government at a Glance 2013. Paris: OECD.Google Scholar
- Robson, Colin. 2011. Real World Research. Chichester: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Rusch, Jonathan. 2016. The Social Psychology of Corruption. Paper presented at the 2016 OECD Integrity Forum, Paris.Google Scholar
- Sampford, Charles, Arthur Shacklock, Carmel Connors, and Fredrik Galtung. 2006. Measuring Corruption. Aldershot: Ashgate.Google Scholar
- Shermer, Michael. 2015. The Moral Arc: How Science Makes Us Better People. New York: Henry Holt and Company.Google Scholar
- The Council of the European Union. 2003. Council Framework Decision 2003/568/JHA of 22 July 2003 on Combating Corruption in the Private Sector (COM(2003) 568).Google Scholar
- ———. 2008. Council Decision of 25 September 2008 on the conclusion, on behalf of the European Community, of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (COM(2008) 801).Google Scholar
- ———. 2009. The Stockholm Programme – An Open and Secure Europe Serving and Protecting Citizens (OJ C 115/1).Google Scholar
- United Nations General Assembly, Res.A/58/422. 2003. The United Nations Convention Against Corruption.Google Scholar
- van Duyne, Petrus C. 2001. Will Caligula Go Transparent? Corruption in Acts & Attitudes. Forum on Crime and Society 1 (2): 7398.Google Scholar
- Wensink, Wim, and Jan Maarten de Vet. 2013. Identifying and Reducing Corruption in Public Procurement in the EU. Brussels: PwC/ECORYS.Google Scholar