Conclusion: What Next, What For?
This book demonstrates a high diversity of situations: the types of managerial techniques involved; their practical effects; the theoretical and methodological frameworks adopted; and the concerned activities. The role of managerial techniques and the analysis of their material dimension are complex issues that, too often, theoretical models tend to over-simplify. Situatedness is a key characteristic. The performativity of managerial techniques and models, far from imposing straightforward social practices, appears as an ambiguous issue. The meanings and practical effects of managerial techniques vary over time and across social space. They are continually involved in pluralist controversies and exploratory inquiries. The material and processual perspective on managerial techniques questions two dualisms strongly established in organization and management studies: the fact-value dualism, and the means-ends dualism.
KeywordsAmbiguity Contingent performance Controversy Means-end Pluralism Singularity Situatedness Unpredictability Valuation processes
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