Hemorrhoidal Disease

  • David E. Beck


Understanding of the pathophysiology of hemorrhoidal disease guides treatment selection. The author’s preferred treatment plan is summarized in Table 17.5. A recent meta-analysis of hemorrhoidal treatment modalities supports this approach (MacRae and McLeod, Dis Colon Rectum 38:685–694, 1995). Appropriate treatments provide symptom resolution in a safe and cost effective manner.


Hemorrhoids Anatomy Pathophysiology Classification Internal hemorrhoids External hemorrhoids Treatment 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Colon and Rectal SurgeryOchsner ClinicNew OrleansUSA

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