Rectovaginal Fistula

  • Elizabeth R. RaskinEmail author


Rectovaginal fistula is an abnormal communication between the rectum and vagina that results after traumatic, infectious, neoplastic, and inflammatory insult to the rectovaginal septum. This distressing condition afflicts millions of women worldwide, causing the passage of gas and/or feces through the vagina. This chapter reviews the etiology, classification, and diagnosis of rectovaginal fistula. Medical and surgical treatment should be tailored to each particular patient since there is great heterogeneity in the cohort of women suffering from the condition.


Rectovaginal fistula Advancement flap Overlapping sphincteroplasty Perineoproctotomy Crohn’s disease Martius flap Gracilis muscle transposition 



Proctor and lecturer for Intuitive Surgical, Inc.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Surgical Oncology, Department of SurgeryLoma Linda University HealthLoma LindaUSA

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