Blast Injury to the Lower Limb

  • Paul H. B. Blair
  • Adrian K. Neil
  • Christopher T. Andrews
Chapter

References

  1. 1.
    Itani KM, Burch JM, Spjut-Patrinely V, Richardson R, Martin RR, Mattox KL. Emergency center arteriography. J Trauma. 1992;32(3):302–6; discussion 306–37.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Barros D’Sa AA. How do we manage acute limb ischaemia due to trauma? In: Greenhalgh RM, Jamieson CW, Nicolaides AN, editors. Limb salvage and amputation for vascular disease. London: WB Saunders; 1998.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    D’Sa AA. A decade of missile-induced vascular trauma. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 1982;64(1):37–44.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Elliot J, Templeton J, Barros D’Sa AA. Combined bony and vascular trauma: a new approach to treatment. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1984;66B:281.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Barros D’Sa AA. The rationale for arterial and venous shunting in the management of limb vascular injuries. Eur J Vasc Surg. 1989;3(6):471–4.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Barros D’Sa AA, Moorehead RJ. Combined arterial and venous intraluminal shunting in major trauma of the lower limb. Eur J Vasc Surg. 1989;3(6):577–81.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Harkin DW, D’Sa AA, Yassin MM, et al. Reperfusion injury is greater with delayed restoration of venous outflow in concurrent arterial and venous limb injury. Br J Surg. 2000;87(6):734–41.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lovric Z, Lehner V, Kosic-Lovric L, Wertheimer B. Reconstruction of major arteries of lower extremities after war injuries. Long-term follow up. J Cardiovasc Surg. 1996;37(3):223–7.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Howe HR Jr, Poole GV Jr, Hansen KJ, et al. Salvage of lower extremities following combined orthopedic and vascular trauma. A predictive salvage index. Am Surg. 1987;53(4):205–8.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Johansen K, Daines M, Howey T, Helfet D, Hansen ST Jr. Objective criteria accurately predict amputation following lower extremity trauma. J Trauma. 1990;30(5):568–72; discussion 572–573.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Helfet DL, Howey T, Sanders R, Johansen K. Limb salvage versus amputation. Preliminary results of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990;256:80–6.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Russell WL, Sailors DM, Whittle TB, Fisher DF Jr, Burns RP. Limb salvage versus traumatic amputation. A decision based on a seven-part predictive index. Ann Surg. 1991;213(5):473–80; discussion 480–481.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    McNamara MG, Heckman JD, Corley FG. Severe open fractures of the lower extremity: a retrospective evaluation of the Mangled Extremity Severity Score (MESS). J Orthop Trauma. 1994;8(2):81–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bonanni F, Rhodes M, Lucke JF. The futility of predictive scoring of mangled lower extremities. J Trauma. 1993;34(1):99–104.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Durham RM, Mistry BM, Mazuski JE, Shapiro M, Jacobs D. Outcome and utility of scoring systems in the management of the mangled extremity. Am J Surg. 1996;172(5):569–73; discussion 573–574.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Debakey ME, Simeone FA. Battle injuries of arteries in World War II: analysis of 2471 cases. Ann Surg. 1946;123:534–79.CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Nanobashvili J, Kopadze T, Tvaladze M, Buachidze T, Nazvlishvili G. War injuries of major extremity arteries. World J Surg. 2003;27(2):134–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kuralay E, Demirkilic U, Ozal E, et al. A quantitative approach to lower extremity vein repair. J Vasc Surg. 2002;36(6):1213–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Defraigne JO, Pincemail J. Local and systemic consequences of severe ischemia and reperfusion of the skeletal muscle. Physiopathology and prevention. Acta Chir Belg. 1998;98(4):176–86.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Foex BA. Systemic responses to trauma. Br Med Bull. 1999;55(4):726–43.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul H. B. Blair
    • 1
  • Adrian K. Neil
    • 2
  • Christopher T. Andrews
    • 3
  1. 1.Vascular Surgery UnitRoyal Victoria HospitalBelfastUK
  2. 2.Department of Vascular SurgeryRoyal Victoria HospitalBelfastUK
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRoyal Victoria HospitalBelfastUK

Personalised recommendations