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COPD: Economical and Surrogate Outcomes—The Case of COPD

  • Roberto W. Dal Negro
  • Claudio F. Donner
Chapter

Abstract

We will discuss the overall economics in pulmonary rehabilitation by taking chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) as a model because it is the most prevalent and incident chronic respiratory pathology [1, 2] in both western and developing countries [3] which is provided by a large and consolidated literature. What is available specifically for pulmonary rehabilitation will be addressed in a devoted sub-section. In general, all countries, even those characterized by evolved health models, took their first operational steps quite recently in the field of the “respiratory chronicity”, and of COPD in particular.

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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Centre for Respiratory Pharmacoeconomics and PharmacoepidemiologyCESFARVeronaItaly
  2. 2.Mondo Medico, Multidisciplinary and Rehabilitation Outpatient ClinicNovaraItaly

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