Occupational Therapy and Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Occupational therapists (OTs) are concerned with helping people to gain or regain independence in functional activities. These activities are referred to as ‘occupations’, but to an OT, the term occupation means much more than activities only related to productivity or work. OTs consider occupation to mean any meaningful and purposeful activity that allows someone to live as independently as possible and gives them a sense of identity . This is a large remit and often leads to misunderstanding with regard to the role of an OT. People who attend pulmonary rehabilitation programmes often do so with a desire not only to regain exercise capacity but crucially to improve their ability to carry out their activities of daily living (ADLs) (or their occupations) that are restricted because of the impact of their respiratory disease. Most commonly this is due to breathlessness or fatigue. It is therefore a crucial element of any PR programme to ensure that any improvements made in exercise performance are translated into improvements in the person’s ability to carry out activities of daily living.
- 1.College of Occupational Therapists. What is Occupational Therapy? 2011.; https://www.cot.co.uk/ot-helps-you/what-occupational-therapy. Accessed 24 Sept 2016.
- 2.Duncan EAS. Introduction. In: Duncan EAS, editor. Foundations for Practice in Occupational Therapy. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2012. p. 3.Google Scholar
- 3.American Occupational Therapy Association. Occupational therapy practice framework: domain & process 3rd edition. Am J Occup Ther. 2014;68:S1–S48.Google Scholar
- 4.Christiansen C, Baum C, Bass J. The person-environment-occupational performance (PEOP) model. In: Duncan EAS, editor. Foundations for practice in occupational therapy. 5th ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier; 2012. p. 93.Google Scholar
- 5.World Health Organisation. International classification of functioning, disabilities and health: ICF. 2001.Google Scholar
- 16.Sewell L, Herbert S, Singh S. Daily activity patterns and energy conservation advice in patients with COPD. Eur Respir J. 2010;36(Suppl. 54):612.Google Scholar
- 22.Law M, Baptiste S, Carswell A, et al. The Canadian occupational performance measure. CAOT. 2005.Google Scholar