• David Sifonios
Part of the European Yearbook of International Economic Law book series (EUROYEAR, volume 3)


Environmental policies aimed at managing the environmental impact of products are often based on a life-cycle analysis, which takes into consideration the production, consumption and disposal phases of a product’s life. States may seek to adopt product standards or disposal requirements that reduce environmental effects but also to regulate the production methods of the goods sold in their internal market, including imported products. Certain production methods may indeed result in important environmental harm. For instance, natural resource exploitation may result in extensive environmental damages, such as incidental catch of non-target species in fish trawling, destruction of primary forests to harvest tropical timber or the use of certain farming methods (slash and burn, extensive use of chemicals, etc.). Another significant impact of goods’ production is greenhouse gas emissions, which affect the global climate regardless of the precise location of the emission sources. In other words, the interdependence of ecosystems implies that the environmental impact of the production methods of product in one particular country can have effects in other countries.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Sifonios
    • 1
  1. 1.University of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland

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