Contexts of Radicalization: An Inductive Meta-Analysis of 41 Case Studies of Contentious Elections

  • Megan Reif Dyfvermark


Megan Reif Dyfvermark uses thematic synthesis, an inductive form of meta-analysis, to explore how a sample of qualitative studies of contentious elections discusses radicalism and violence. Finding that radicals are neither the only nor the predominant perpetrators of election violence, the study redefines radicalism based on four other characteristics that the sample’s diverse radical actors and ideologies share. Observing that elections held under conditions of institutional uncertainty, increasing political competition, and militarization are important contexts in which actors with proposals for radical economic and political change become viable and threaten the mainstream defenders of the status quo, Reif Dyfvermark presents potentially generalizable hypotheses about the specific conditions under which they use election violence that can, along with the definition, guide future research to better distinguish radical ideology from violent behavior.


Electoral violence Meta-analysis Contentious elections Weak institutions 



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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Megan Reif Dyfvermark
    • 1
  1. 1.Go Zone Sweden initiativeGöteborgSweden

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