Advertisement

Moving the Mainstream: Radicalization of Political Language in the German PEGIDA Movement

  • Andreas Önnerfors
Chapter

Abstract

Önnerfors explores how, over the last five years, the German political discourse has experienced a move to the right, or Rechtsruck. The way political problems have been framed, Önnerfors argues, represents a radicalization of political language in post-unification Germany. Focusing on PEGIDA or ‘Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of the West’, the chapter explores how this development has been spearheaded by new actors emerging in the ‘Nouvelle Droit’. Drawing on previous studies, Önnerfors illuminates how PEGIDA has been able to mobilize considerable populist support among fragile middle class segments of the German electorate, exploiting diffuse emotions of uneasiness and indignation. Close reading of a detailed insider account constitutes the analytical core of this chapter.

Keywords

PEGIDA Social movements Populism Post-unification Germany Nouvelle droit Radicalization 

References

Bibliography

  1. Altman, A. 2012. Socialist Cowboys. The New Yorker, 12 April. Accessed 20 April 2017. http://www.newyorker.com/culture/culture-desk/socialist-cowboys
  2. Bar-On, T. 2014. The French New Right: Neither Left nor Right? Journal for the Study of Radicalism 8 (1): 1–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bassin, M. 2015. Lev Gumilev and the European New Right. Nationalities Papers 43 (6): 840–865.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bitzan, R. 2017. Research on Gender and the Far Right in Germany since 1990: Developments, Findings and Future Prospects. In Gender and Far Right Politics in Europe, ed. M. Köttig, R. Bizan, and A. Petö, 65–78. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blum, A. 2017. Men in the Battle for the Brains: Construction of Masculinity Within the ‘Identitary Generation’. In Gender and Far Right Politics in Europe, ed. M. Köttig, R. Bizan, and A. Petö, 321–334. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Compact—Magazin für Souveränität., special issue 8:2014: ‘Ami go home: Deutschland muss souverän werden’.Google Scholar
  7. Falk, H. 2014. Det politisk-teologiska komplexet: Fyra kapitel om Carl Schmitts sekularitet. Göteborg: Avhandling framlagda vid Institutionen för litteratur, idéhistoria och religion, Göteborgs universitet.Google Scholar
  8. Friedrich, B. 2016. Die Medien der Neuen Rechten, “Mut zur Wahrheit”. Katapult—Magazin für Kartografik und Sozialwissenschaft, special issue “Europas neue Rechte” 2: 22–24.Google Scholar
  9. Geiges, L., S. Marg, and F. Walter. 2015. Pegida. Die schmutzige Seite der Zivilgesellschaft. Bielefeld: Transcript.Google Scholar
  10. Gensing, P. 2015. HoGeSa—wie Hooligans rechte Brücken schlagen. Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 21 January. Accessed 20 April 2017. http://www.bpb.de/politik/extremismus/rechtsextremismus/199362/hogesa-wie-hooligans-rechte-bruecken-schlagen
  11. Hellström, A. 2016. Trust Us: Reproducing the Nation and the Scandinavian Nationalist Populist Parties. New York, NY: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
  12. Hennig, S. 2015. Pegida—Spaziergänge über den Horizont, Eine Chronik. Neustadt an der Orla: Arnshaugk.Google Scholar
  13. Hofstadter, R. 1964. The Paranoid Style in American Politics. Harper’s Magazine, November, 77–86.Google Scholar
  14. Klemperer, V. 2006 [1947]. The Language of the Third Reich: LTI—Lingua Tertii Imperii: A Philologist’s Notebook. London: Continuum.Google Scholar
  15. Köttig, M. 2017. Gender Stereotypes Constructed by the Media: The Case of the National Socialist Underground (NSU) in Germany. In Gender and Far Right Politics in Europe, ed. M. Köttig, R. Bizan, and A. Petö, 221–234. London: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lett, J. 1990. Emics and Etics: Notes on the Epistemology of Anthropology. In Emics and Etics: The Insider/Outsider Debate, ed. T.N. Headland, K.L. Pike, and M. Harris, 130–145. Newbury Park and London: Sage.Google Scholar
  17. McGowan, L. 2014. Right-Wing Violence in Germany: Assessing the Objectives, Personalities and Terror Trail of the National Socialist Underground and the State’s Response to It. German Politics 23 (3): 196–212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Neu, V., and S. Pokorny. 2015. Ist „die Mitte“ (rechts)extremistisch? Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte, special issue Rechts in der Mitte? 65 (40): 3–8.Google Scholar
  19. Önnerfors, A. 2016a. Civilsamhällets “smutsiga baksida”? Den tyska PEGIDA-rörelsen utmanar begreppen. Kurage 3 (2016): 6–10.Google Scholar
  20. ———. 2016b. The German ‘Patriotic Europeans Against the Islamization of Europe’ (PEGIDA): A Movement of Right-wing Populist Indignation? CFAPS Newsletter 2016: 9.Google Scholar
  21. ———. 2017. Between Breivik and PEGIDA: The Absence of Ideologues and Leaders in the Contemporary European Far-Right. Patterns of Prejudice 51 (2): 159–175.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Orwell, G. 1989 [1949]. 1984. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  23. Sageman, M. 2008. Leaderless Jihad: Terror Networks in the Twenty-Frist Century. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Salzborn, S. 2016. Renaissance of the New Right in Germany? A Discussion of New Right Elements in German Right-Wing Extremism Today. German Politics and Society 119 (34): 36–63.Google Scholar
  25. Scharloth, J. 2017. Ist die AfD eine populistische Partei?—Eine Analyse am Beispiel des Landesverbands Rheinland-Pfalz. Aptum 2: 1–13 and a draft version published on Accessed 20 April 2017. http://www.scharloth.com/publikationen/AfD_Scharloth.pdf
  26. Thielemann, N. 2016. Patriotyzm genetyczny, półka kulturowa and Palikotyzacja X-a—blends as catchwords in Polish political discourse. Zeitschrift für Slawistik 61 (1): 74–101.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Thompson, M. 2016. Enough said: What’s Gone Wrong With the Language of Politics? London: The Bodley Head.Google Scholar
  28. Vallely, P. 2015. Are Scientists Easy Prey for Jihadism? The Guardian, 5 December. Accessed 20 April 2017. http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2015/dec/03/scientists-easy-prey-jihadis-terrorists-engineering-mindset
  29. Vorländer, H., M. Herold, and S. Schäller. 2016. PEGIDA: Entwicklung, Zusammensetzung und Deutung einer Empörungsbewegung. Berlin: Springer.Google Scholar
  30. Wegner, N. 2015. PEGIDA—Chronik. Sezession, special issue “PEGIDA”.Google Scholar
  31. Wittgenstein, L. 1953. Philosophische Untersuchungen. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  32. Wodak, R. 2015. The Politics of Fear. What Right-Wing Populist Discourses Mean. Los Angeles, CA: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Web-sources

  1. Arnshaugk Verlag. No date. No title. Accessed 28 May 2016. http://www.arnshaugk.de/index.php?v=0&korb=;&autor=Hennig,%20Sebastian
  2. Dresdner Thesen. No date. Dresdner Thesen. Accessed 22 May 2016. http://www.i-finger.de/dresdner-thesen.pdf
  3. Facebook PEGIDA. No date. Not title. Accessed 4 February 2017. https://www.facebook.com/pegidaevdresden
  4. Flurfunk. 2015. ”Pegida—Spaziergänge über den Horizont”. Accessed 4 February 2017. http://www.flurfunk-dresden.de/2015/11/21/pegida-spaziergaenge-ueber-den-horizont/
  5. Focus. 2014. 19-Punkte-Programm: Was will PEGIDA wirklich? Accessed 6 September 2016. http://www.focus.de/politik/deutschland/woechentliche-demonstrationen-19-punkte-programm-was-will-pegida-wirklich_id_4359150.html
  6. Pegidabuch. No title. No date. Accessed 4 February 2017. http://www.pegidabuch.de

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Önnerfors
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GothenburgGothenburgSweden

Personalised recommendations