Advertisement

Violent Crimes Committed by Juveniles in Mexico

  • Elena Azaola
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter is based on an original study of 730 young people detained in Mexico, which aimed to understand the correlation between vulnerability and violence in a group of juveniles between 14 and 18 years of age imprisoned for having committed serious crimes in Mexico. The study surveyed and gathered the testimonies of 730 adolescents in detention centers in 17 Mexican states. The surveyed population represents almost a fifth (19 percent) of the total population of adolescents imprisoned in Mexico. The study analyzes three types of violent crimes found among the three distinct categories of teenagers interviewed: those who were part of organized crime (35 percent), those who were part of gangs (27 percent) and those who committed crimes due to interpersonal conflicts (38 percent).

Keywords

Juvenile justice Mexico Violence Organized crime 

References

  1. Aguirre Ochoa, J., & Leco Tomas, C. (2016). Democracy and vigilantism: The case of Michoacán, Mexico. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(4), 17–28. https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.v5i4.320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arriagada, M. I. (2015). Identidad violenta en los jóvenes: Análisis de cómo influye la familia y cómo se refuerza en las maras y/o pandillas. Santiago de Chile: Diplomado en Prevención del Delito a Nivel Local.Google Scholar
  3. Azaola, E., & Newham, G. (2017, forthcoming). Violence and criminal justice in México and South Africa. In D. Geldenhuys & H. Gonzalez (Eds.), Global South Powers in Transition: A Comparative Analysis of Mexico and South Africa. Johannesburg.Google Scholar
  4. Barragán, A. J. (2015). Por el recorrido de la vida y la muerte: Identidad y aprendizaje social de jóvenes sicarios en Sonora. Tesis de Maestría en Ciencias Sociales, El Colegio de Sonora: México.Google Scholar
  5. Bonnie, R., Johnson, R., Chemers, B., & Schuck, J. (2013). Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.Google Scholar
  6. Carrington, K., & Pereira, M. (2009). Offending Youth: Sex, Youth and Justice. Sydney: Federation Press.Google Scholar
  7. Cauffman, E., & Steinberg, L. (2000). (Im)maturity of judgment in adolescence: Why adolescents may be less culpable than adults. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 18, 741–760. https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.416.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos (CNDH). (2017). Informe General. Adolescencia: Vulnerabilidad y Violencia. Mexico City: CNDH.Google Scholar
  9. Cuéntame. (2017). Population count. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://cuentame.inegi.org.mx/poblacion/habitantes.aspx?tema=P
  10. Cunneen, C., White, R., & Richards, K. (2015). Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Department of Justice. (2012). Report of the Attorney General’s National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence. Washington, DC: Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  12. Inegi. (2017). Mortality statistics. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www3.inegi.org.mx/sistemas/sisept/default.aspx?t=mvio20&s=est&c=22662
  13. Ley Nacional del Sistema Integral de Justicia para Adolescentes. (2016). Publicada en la Gaceta Parlamentaria de la Cámara de Diputados 4519-XX, 29 April.Google Scholar
  14. MacArthur Foundation. (2015). Juvenile Justice Report 2015. Chicago, IL: MacArthur Foundation.Google Scholar
  15. Messerschmidt, J. (1997). Crime as Structured Action: Gender, Race, Class and Crime in the Making. London: Sage.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Monahan, K. C. (2009). Trajectories of antisocial behavior and psychosocial maturity from adolescence to young adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 45(6), 1654–1668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Mulvey, E. (2011, March). Highlights from pathways to desistance: A longitudinal study of serious adolescent offenders. In Department of Justice (Ed.), Juvenile Justice Factsheet. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Department of Justice.Google Scholar
  18. Perea, C. M. (2007). Con el diablo adentro. Pandillas, tiempo paralelo y poder. Ciudad de México: Siglo XXI Editores.Google Scholar
  19. Rodríguez, E. (2013). Jóvenes, violencias y cultura de paz en América Central: Enfoques, dilemas y respuestas a desplegar en el futuro. Foro de Ministros de Desarrollo Social de América Latina y el Caribe, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.Google Scholar
  20. Steinberg, L., Blatt-Eisengart, I., & Cauffman, E. (2006). Patterns of competence and adjustment among adolescents from authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful homes: A replication in a sample of serious adolescent offenders. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 16(1), 47–58. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-7795.2006.00119.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Steinberg, L., Chung, H. L., & Little, M. (2004). Re-entry of young offenders from the justice system: A developmental perspective. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 1(1), 21–38. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541204003260045.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Steinberg, L., & Monahan, K. C. (2007). Age differences in resistance to peer influence. Developmental Psychology, 43(6), 1531–1543.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. telesur. (2016). Poverty in Mexico. Retrieved February 14, 2017, from http://www.telesurtv.net/telesuragenda/Pobreza-en-Mexico-20160801-0040.html
  24. United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund and Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social (UNICEF-CONEVAL). (2016). Análisis sobre pobreza y derechos sociales de niñas, niños y adolescentes en México. Ciudad de México: UNICEF-CONEVAL.Google Scholar
  25. White, R. (2002). Understanding youth gangs. In Trends and Issues in Criminal Justice 237. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.Google Scholar
  26. White, R. (2003). Communities, conferences and restorative social justice. Criminal Justice, 3(2), 139–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. White, R. (2004). Police and community responses to youth gangs. Trends and Issues in Criminal Justice 274. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elena Azaola
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Advanced Studies and Research in Social AnthropologyMexico CityMexico

Personalised recommendations