Gender Budgeting in Italy: A Laboratory for Alternative Methodologies?

  • Francesca Bettio
  • Annalisa Rosselli


Gender Budgeting (GB) was introduced in Italy in 2001. Numerous GB initiatives have been carried out since at the local level, although in absence of any organised attempt to build a common methodology and coordinate the different experiences. Taking advantage of the diversity of the Italian experiences, in this chapter we assess the main methodological approaches that have been concretely tried out on the ground. We identify three main approaches, respectively account-based, policy-based and capability-based gender budgeting. Based on our experience, our exchanges with other experts involved in GB and the available records, we briefly illustrate the main advantages and limitations of each approach.


  1. Addabbo, Tindara, Diego Lanzi, and Antonella Picchio. 2010. Gender Budgets: A Capability Approach. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities 11: 479–501.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amici, Monica, and Maria Lucia Stefani. 2013. A Gender Equality Index for the Italian Regions. Banca d’Italia Quaderni di economia e Finanza 190.Google Scholar
  3. Badalassi, Giovanna. 2014. Il Bilancio di genere. Accessed 19 Apr 2017.
  4. Bergman, Barbara. 2005. Gender in Public Expenditure Reviews. In Public Expenditure Analysis, ed. Anwar Shah. Washington, DC: World Bank.Google Scholar
  5. Bettio, Francesca, Simonetta Botarelli, and Annalisa Rosselli. 2006. Come si costruisce un bilancio di genere Linee Guida per amministratrici/amministratori comunali, Pubblicazione a cura del Servizio Cultura, Pubblica Istruzione, Politiche Sociali, Servizi alla persona dell’Amministrazione provinciale di Siena, Siena.Google Scholar
  6. EIGE (European Institute for Gender Equality). 2015. Gender Equality Index 2015—Measuring Gender Equality in the European Union 2005–2012.Google Scholar
  7. EIGE European Institute for Gender Equality. 2013. Gender Equality Index, Report.Google Scholar
  8. Elson, Diane. 2003. Gender Mainstreaming and Gender Budgeting. Paper presented at the Conference Gender Equality and Europe’s Future, European Commission.Google Scholar
  9. GenderCAPP (T. Addabbo and S. Saltini eds). 2009. Gender auditing del Bilancio del Comune di Modena secondo l’approccio dello sviluppo umano, Accessed 19 Apr 2017.
  10. Picchio, Antonella. 2015. A Macro-Micro Classical Political-Economy Approach to Well-Being Gender Budgets. Politica Economica/Journal of Economic Policy 31: 155–174.Google Scholar
  11. Provincia di Siena. 2013. Le politiche di pari opportunità e Il Bilancio di Genere della provincia di Siena. Google Scholar
  12. Provincia di Trieste. 2012. Bilancio di Genere. Donne e Uomini per far crescere il territorio. 2nd ed. Accessed 19 Apr 2017.
  13. Regione, Marche. 2006. Il Bilancio di Genere. Esperienze e Percorsi di analisi gender mainstreaming della Regione Marche.Google Scholar
  14. Roybens, I. 2003. Sen’s Capability Approach and Gender Equality: Selecting Relevant Capabilities. Feminist Economics 9: 61–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Sen, Amantya. 1999. Development as Freedom. 1st ed. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Sharp, Rhonda. 2000. Gender Responsive Budget: The Australian Experience, International Workshop on Gender Auditing of Government Budget, Rome, mimeo.Google Scholar
  17. Ufficio Parlamentare di bilancio. 2016. Il bilancio di genere: un inquadramento generale, Focus tematico n.7, 28 ottobre.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca Bettio
    • 1
  • Annalisa Rosselli
    • 2
  1. 1.Università di SienaSienaItaly
  2. 2.Università di Roma Tor VergataRomeItaly

Personalised recommendations