Sub-municipal Arrangements in Norway: District System in Oslo

  • Jan Erling Klausen
Part of the Governance and Public Management book series (GPM)


Oslo is the only city in Norway where a wide range of tasks and functions are decentralized to sub-municipal units (SMUs) headed by an elected local political body. The 15 districts employ about 21,000 people and serve a key function in providing the capital’s residents with key welfare services. While Oslo’s district system has proved its viability by remaining in place through almost three decades, the aim of boosting democratic participation and political involvement through establishing sub-municipal political arenas remains elusive.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Erling Klausen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Political ScienceUniversity of OsloOsloNorway

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