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Robust Features for Snapshot Hyperspectral Terrain-Classification

  • Christian WinkensEmail author
  • Volkmar Kobelt
  • Dietrich Paulus
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10424)

Abstract

Hyperspectral imaging increases the amount of information incorporated per pixel in comparison to normal RGB color cameras. Conventional spectral cameras as used in satellite imaging use spatial or spectral scanning during acquisition which is only suitable for static scenes. In dynamic scenarios, such as in autonomous driving applications, the acquisition of the entire hyperspectral cube at the same time is mandatory. We investigate the eligibility of novel snapshot hyperspectral cameras which capture an entire hyperspectral cube without requiring moving parts or line-scanning. Captured hyperspectral data is used for multi class terrain classification utilizing machine learning techniques. Prior to classification, the data is segmented using Superpixel segmentation which is modified to work successfully on hyperspectral data. We further investigate a simple approach to normalize the hyperspectral data in terms of illumination, which yields vast improvements in classification accuracy, preventing most errors caused by shading and other influences. Furthermore we utilize Gabor texture features which add spatial information to the feature space without increasing the data dimensionality in an excessive fashion. The multi-class classification is evaluated against a novel hyperspectral ground truth dataset specifically created for this purpose.

Keywords

Hyperspectral imaging Terrain classification Spectral analysis Autonomous vehicles 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Winkens
    • 1
    Email author
  • Volkmar Kobelt
    • 1
  • Dietrich Paulus
    • 1
  1. 1.Active Vision Group, Institute for Computational VisualisticsUniversity of Koblenz-LandauKoblenzGermany

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