The Surgical Treatment of Pericardial Disease: The Robotic Approach
Surgery on the pericardium has been relegated to a median sternotomy, open thoracotomy and subxiphoid laparotomy approach. Video-assisted or thoracoscopic techniques may present some limitations in some patients. The robotic approach described in this chapter provides sufficient information to perform a safe and efficient procedure. The anesthetic management, the progress of the procedure and the placement of 3–4 puncture wounds and their position on the chest wall are described.
KeywordsMediastinum Pericardium Pericardiectomy Tamponade Pericarditis Pericardial effusion Pericardial window Heart failure
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