Confiscating Dirty Assets: The Italian Experience
This chapter considers the changes undergone by the Italian system of asset confiscation by looking at three aspects. First, it sketches the traditional system of confiscation provided for by the criminal code. Then it describes the expansion and development of the confiscation regime with the introduction in the 1980s and 1990s of two new types of confiscation, namely preventative confiscation outside the system of criminal justice and a form of preventative confiscation inserted within criminal proceedings (extended confiscation). To conclude, it outlines the changes undergone in recent years by the traditional system of criminal confiscation and offers a brief final assessment of the current Italian legislation on asset forfeiture.