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17 Planum/Tuberculum Sella Meningiomas

  • Laligam N. SekharEmail author
  • Costas G. Hadjipanayis
  • Pablo F. Recinos
Chapter

Abstract

Planum sphenoidale and tuberculum sella meningiomas are challenging lesions that can be managed with endoscopic and open approaches. Appropriate patient selection for endoscopic versus open approaches is important for ensuring the best patient outcome. In 17.2, we focus on the indications, technique, and outcomes from open surgical approaches to these lesions. We discuss variables that dictate the choice of an open or endoscopic approach and provide several case examples for illustrative purposes. Specific surgical approach selection is also discussed, including bifrontal craniotomy, and pterional craniotomy with or without orbitotomy modifications. Finally, we provide a review of outcomes for open surgical approaches to these lesions, including our own case series. The eyebrow supraorbital keyhole approach (covered in 17.3) is a minimally invasive approach selected for patients with clinoidal, tuberculum sellae, and planum sphenoidale meningiomas. This approach, with use of the operative microscope and endoscopic assistance, offers direct access to anterior skull base lesions through a small eyebrow skin incision, keyhole craniotomy, and minimal brain retraction with reduced complications, morbidity, and hospitalization. Patient selection, surgical technique, outcomes, and complication avoidance are discussed with a review of the literature for this approach. The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach has evolved as an option for dealing with anterior cranial base tumors such as planum sphenoidale and tuberculum sella meningiomas. Improvement in surgical technique and instrumentation has led to clinical outcomes comparable to transcranial series. In 17.4, we describe our nuances in surgical technique, as well as the selection process for the indication of the endoscopic endonasal approach for these types of meningiomas. Additionally, we provide a description of pre- and postoperative management and, finally, a review of the current literature regarding clinical outcome.

Keywords

Planum sphenoidale Tuberculum sellae Meningioma Frontotemporal craniotomy with orbital osetotomy Bifrontal craniotomy with naso-orbital osteotomy Optic canal decompression Eyebrow approach Supraorbital approach Anterior fossa Minimally invasive neurosurgery Microneurosurgery Keyhole surgery Keyhole craniotomy Neuroendoscopy Endoscopically assisted neurosurgery Sphenoid sinus 

Abbreviations

ACA

Anterior cerebral artery

CSF

Cerebrospinal fluid

CT

Computed tomography

EOR

Extent of resection

ICA

Internal carotid artery

MRI

Magnetic resonance imaging

PS

Planum sphenoidale

TS

Tuberculum sella

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laligam N. Sekhar
    • 1
    Email author
  • Costas G. Hadjipanayis
    • 2
  • Pablo F. Recinos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Neurological Surgery, Harborview Medical CenterUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurosurgeryMount Sinai Beth Israel, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount SinaiNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Rose Ella Burkhardt Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, Cleveland ClinicClevelandUSA

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