Concrete Strength Variation Effect on Numerical Thermal Deformations of FRP Bars-Reinforced Concrete Beams in Hot Regions

  • Ali Zaidi
  • Aissa Boussouar
  • Kaddour Mouattah
  • Radhouane Masmoudi
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering book series (LNCE, volume 7)

Abstract

The steel corrosion phenomenon could reduce the durability and the serviceability of concrete structures reinforced with steel bars. Moreover, the repair cost of these structures is very expensive. Consequently, it seems necessary to substitute steel bars by fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) bars, in concrete structures, because of their high properties, particularly, their excellent corrosion resistance and high tensile strength-to-weight ratio. Nevertheless, the use of FRP bars in concrete structures, built in hot regions, may cause splitting cracks within concrete at the interface of FRP bars-concrete, and eventually the failure of the concrete cover. This paper presents a nonlinear finite element investigation using ADINA software to analyze the effect of concrete strength variations on thermal deformation distributions in the concrete cover surrounding glass FRP (GFRP) bars for reinforced concrete beams under high temperatures up to 70 °C. The main results show that the concrete strength variation has no big influence on the transverse thermal deformation of FRP bars-reinforced concrete beams for thermal loads less than the cracking thermal load ΔT cr , producing the first radial cracks in concrete at the FRP bar-concrete interface, varied from 20 to 35 °C depending on the ratio of concrete cover thickness to FRP bar diameter (c/d b ) and the compressive concrete strength \( f_{c}^{{\prime }} \) varied from 1 to 3.2 and 25 to 90 MPa, respectively. However, for thermal loads greater than ΔT cr , the transverse thermal deformations decrease with the increase in the concrete strength. Comparisons between analytical and numerical results in terms of thermal deformations are presented.

Keywords

Concrete cover GFRP bar Concrete strength variation Thermal deformation Numerical simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The writers would like to acknowledge the support of the Civil Engineering Department of Sherbrooke University (Canada) and also the Structures Rehabilitation and Materials Laboratory (SREML) of Laghouat University (Algeria). The opinion and analysis presented in this paper are those of the authors.

References

  1. 1.
    Rahman HA, Kingsley CY, Taylor DA (1995) Thermal stress in FRP reinforced concrete. In: Proceedings of annual conference of Canadian society for civil engineering, Ottawa, pp 605–614Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Aiello MA, Focacci F, Nanni A (2001) Effects of thermal loads on concrete cover of fiber reinforced polymer reinforced elements: theoretical and experimental analysis. ACI Mater J 35:332–339. doi: 10.14359/10402Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Masmoudi R, Zaidi A, Gerard P (2005) Transverse thermal expansion of FRP bars embedded in concrete. J Compos Constr 9:377–387. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)1090-0268(2005)9:5(377)
  4. 4.
    Zaidi A, Masmoudi R (2007) Effect of concrete cover thickness and FRP-bars spacing on the transverse thermal expansion of FRP bars. In: 8th international symposium on fiber reinforced polymer reinforcement for concrete structures. University of Patras, Department of Civil Engineering, Patras, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Zaidi A, Masmoudi R, Bouhicha M (2013) Numerical analysis of thermal stress-deformation in concrete surrounding FRP bars in hot region. Constr Build Mater 38:204–213. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2012.08.047CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Zaidi A, Mouattah K, Masmoudi R, Hamdi B (2015) Finite element modeling of fiber reinforced polymer bars embedded in prismatic concrete beams under high temperatures. J Reinf Plast Compos 34:315–328. doi: 10.1177/0731684415571191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bellakehal H, Zaidi A, Masmoudi R, Bouhicha M (2014) Behavior of FRP bars-reinforced concrete slabs under temperature and sustained load effects. Polymers 6:873–889. doi: 10.3390/polym6030873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Intelligent Sensing for Innovation Structures (2007) Reinforcing concrete structures with FRP. Design manuals no 3, ISIS-Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, pp 41–43Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ali Zaidi
    • 1
  • Aissa Boussouar
    • 1
  • Kaddour Mouattah
    • 1
  • Radhouane Masmoudi
    • 2
  1. 1.Structures Rehabilitation and Materials Laboratory (SREML), Civil Engineering DepartmentUniversity of LaghouatLaghouatAlgeria
  2. 2.Civil Engineering DepartmentUniversity of SherbrookeSherbrookeCanada

Personalised recommendations