Advertisement

Women Leaders in the Corporate Sector

  • Yonjoo Cho
  • Jiwon Park
  • Hye Young Park
Chapter
Part of the Current Perspectives on Asian Women in Leadership book series (CPAWL)

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is threefold: to review the literature on Korean women leaders in the corporate sector, to share the study findings of our recent research on women leaders in the corporate sector, and to present insights into developing corporate women leaders and women in the leadership pipeline. Hearing women leaders’ own voices concerning current practices of their work–life balance and leadership development in the workplace in which they face cultural and organizational constraints has helped us better understand the challenges and barriers they face. This chapter covers background, corporate women leaders’ status in the labor market, corporate women leaders’ challenges and opportunities, and future research agendas.

References

  1. Agrawal, A., Kets de Vries, M. F. R., & Florent-Treacy, E. (2006). The moral compass: Values-based leadership at Infosys (Case No. 04/2007-5391). Fontainebleau, France: INSEAD Global Leadership Center.Google Scholar
  2. Blume, B. D., Ford, J. K., Baldwin, T. T., & Huang, J. L. (2010). Transfer of training: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Management, 16(4), 1065–1105. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206309352880 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burke, L. A., & Hutchins, H. M. (2007). Training transfer: An integrative literature review. Human Resource Development Review, 6(3), 263–296. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534484307303035 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cho, J. (2013). 기획된 가족 [The planned families: Dual-earners’ work-family balance in Korea]. Gyonggi, Korea: Sohaemunjim. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  5. Cho, Y., & Egan, T. M. (2013). Organizational support for action learning in South Korean organizations. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 24(2), 185–213. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21154 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cho, Y., Kang, H. J., & Park, J. (2017). Korean women in leadership: Challenges and opportunities. In Y. Cho, R. Ghosh, J. Sun, & G. N. McLean (Eds.), Current perspectives on Asian women in leadership (pp. 87–106). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Cho, Y., Kim, N., Lee, M., Lim, J. S., Han, H., & Park, H. Y. (2015). South Korean women leaders’ struggles for a work and family balance [Special issue]. Human Resource Development International, 18(5), 521–537. https://doi.org/10.1080/13678868.2015.1076562 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cho, Y., Park, J., Ju, B., Han, S., Moon, H., Park, S., et al. (2016). Women leaders’ work-life imbalance in South Korean companies: A collaborative qualitative study. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 27(4), 461–487. https://doi.org/10.1002/hrdq.21262 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cho, Y., Park, J., Han, S., Ju, B., Yoo, J., Ju, A., et al. (2017). How do South Korean female executives’ definitions of career success differ from those of male executives? European Journal of Training and Development, 41(6), 490–507.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Cook, A., & Glass, C. (2014). Women and top leadership positions: Towards an institutional analysis. Gender, Work and Organization, 21(1), 91–103. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12018 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ely, R. J., & Rhode, D. L. (2010). Women and leadership. In N. Nohria & R. Khurana (Eds.), Handbook of leadership theory and practice (pp. 377–410). Boston: Harvard Business Press.Google Scholar
  12. Gress, D. R., & Paek, J. (2014). Differential spaces in Korean places? Feminist geography and female managers in South Korea. Gender, Work and Organization, 21(2), 165–186. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12028 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Groysberg, B., & Abrahams, R. (2014). Manage your work, manage your life. Harvard Business Review, 92(3), 58–66.Google Scholar
  14. Gustafson, J. L. (2008). Tokenism in policing: An empirical test of Kanter’s hypothesis. Journal of Criminal Justice, 36(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2007.12.001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hemmert, M. (2012). Tiger management: Korean companies on world markets. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  16. Heo, U. K., & Roehrig, T. (2014). South Korea’s rise: Economic development, power, and foreign relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hopkins, M. M., O’Neil, D. A., Passarelli, A., & Bilimoria, D. (2008). Women’s leadership development strategic practices for women and organizations. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, 60(4), 348–365. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014093 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jonsen, K., Manznevski, M. L., & Schneider, S. C. (2010). Gender differences in leadership—Believing is seeing: Implications for managing diversity. Equality, Diversity, and Inclusion: An International Journal, 29(6), 549–572. https://doi.org/10.1108/02610151011067504 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kanter, R. M. (1977). Some effects of proportions on group life: Skewed sex ratios and responses to token women. American Journal of Sociology, 82(5), 965–990. https://doi.org/10.1086/226425 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kanter, R. M. (1993). Men and women of the corporation(2nd ed.). New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  21. Kee, T. S. (2008). Influences of Confucianism on Korean corporate culture. Asian Profile. Retrieved from faculty.mu.edu.sa/public/uploads/1360755606.0279organizational%20cult76.pdfGoogle Scholar
  22. Kim, C.-W., & Park, C.-Y. (2009). 일과 삶의 균형 정책의 동향 및 시사점 [The trend of the work-life balance policy and its implications]. Journal of Creativity and Innovation, 2(2), 143–174. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  23. Kim, H. (2013). Glass fence thicker than glass ceiling: The puzzling gaps of women’s leadership in Korea. In J. Rajasekar (Ed.), Culture and gender in leadership: Perspectives from the Middle East and Asia (pp. 253–274). Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kim, N. (2004). Career success orientation of Korean women bank employees. Career Development International, 9(6), 595–608. https://doi.org/10.1108/13620430410559179 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kim, N., & Cha, J. (2014). 한국 근로자들의 경력성공 인식에 관한 탐색적 연구 [Exploratory study of Korean workers’ perception of career success]. Andragogy Today: Interdisciplinary Journal of Adult & Continuing Education, 17(4), 253–287. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  26. Kim, N., & Rowley, C. (2009). The changing face of Korean women in management. In C. Rowley & Y. Paik (Eds.), The changing face of Korean management (pp. 189–214). London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  27. Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education and Training. (2015). Human capital corporate panel data [Data file]. Retrieved from http://www.krivet.re.kr/ku/index.jsp. (in Korean).
  28. Lee, H. J., & Yu, G. C. (2011). 일-가정 양립제도와 여성근로자의 지각이 출산에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 [Work-family balance and childbirth: Supporting institutions of company and influence of female workers’ work-family balance perception]. The Women’s Studies, 80(1), 33–79. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  29. Lee, J. (2010). 기업조직 내 여성 리더십 특성연구 [Women leaders in the corporation: Behavioral and attitudinal characteristics]. The Journal of Asian Women, 49(2), 7–44. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  30. Lewis, P., & Simpson, R. (2012). Kanter revisited: Gender, power and (in) visibility. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14, 141–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lyness, K. S., & Thompson, D. E. (2000). Climbing the corporate ladder: Do female and male executives follow the same route? Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(1), 86–101. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.85.1.86 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Malony, B., Theiss, J., & Choi, H. (2016). Gender in modern East Asia: An integrated history. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.Google Scholar
  33. Mavin, S., Williams, J., Bryans, P., & Patterson, N. (2014). Become your own ‘project’: Learning from women elite leaders’ reflections to shape women’s future careers. Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on HRD Theory and Practice across Europe. Retrieved from http://ufhrd2014.com/http://ufhrd2014.com/
  34. McKinsey & Company. (2012). Women matters: An Asian perspective. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/features/women_matter
  35. McLean, G. N. (2010). The need for indigenous theory and practice in human resource development in Thailand. NIDA HROD Journal, 1, 1–19.Google Scholar
  36. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. (2011). 일-가족 갈등과 개인, 일, 가족 특성의 관련성 메타분석 [Relationships among individual, job, and family characteristics and work-family conflict: A meta-analysis] (Family policy research No. 2011-3). Retrieved from http://www.mogef.go.kr. (in Korean).
  37. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family. (2016, July 28). 100대 기업 여성임원, 3년간 41% 증가 [Increase in female executives in the top 100 companies]. Retrieved from http://www.mogef.go.kr/nw/rpd/nw_rpd_s001d.do?mid=news405&bbtSn=703376. (in Korean).
  38. Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, Ministry of Employment and Labor, & Korean Chamber of Commerce and Industry. (2016). 앞서가는 기업의 핵심전략 35 [35 core strategies for work-life balance and women’s leadership development in the corporate sector]. Seoul: Ministry of Gender Equality and Family and Ministry of Employment and Labor.Google Scholar
  39. O’Brien, K. E., Biga, A., Kessler, S. R., & Allen, T. D. (2010). A meta-analytic investigation of gender differences in mentoring. Journal of Management, 36(2), 537–554. https://doi.org/10.1177/0149206308318619 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. O’Brien, K. M., Ganginis Del Pino, H. V., Yoo, S.-K., Cinamon, R. G., & Han, Y.-J. (2014). Work, family, support, and depression: Employed mothers in Israeli, Korea, and the United States. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 61(3), 461–472. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036339 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. O’Neil, D. A., Hopkins, M. M., & Bilimoria, D. (2008). Women’s careers at the start of the 21st century: Patterns and paradoxes. Journal of Business Ethics, 80(4), 727–743. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-007-9465-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Park, J. (2015). 국내 30 대 그룹 여성임원 현황 분석 [An analysis of women executives in Korea’s top 30 conglomerates]. Presented at Korea Foundation for Women’s Future Forum, Seoul, Korea. Retrieved from http://www.ceoscore.co.kr/. (in Korean).
  43. Raymo, J. M., Park, H., Xie, Y., & Yeung, W. J. (2015). Marriage and family in East Asia: Continuity and change. Annual Review of Sociology, 41(1), 471–492. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-soc-073014-112428 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Rowley, C., Kang, H.-R., & Lim, H.-J. (2015). Female manager career success: The importance of individual and organizational factors in South Korea. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 54(1), 98–122. https://doi.org/10.1111/1744-7941.12071 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Wang, J., & Shirmohammadi, M. (2016). Women leaders in China: Looking back and moving forward. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 18(2), 137–151. https://doi.org/10.1177/1523422316641399 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. World Economic Forum. (2016). The global gender gap report 2016. Retrieved from http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf
  47. Yoder, J. D. (1991). Rethinking tokenism: Looking beyond numbers. Gender & Society, 5(2), 178–192. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124391005002003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yonjoo Cho
    • 1
  • Jiwon Park
    • 2
  • Hye Young Park
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Instructional Systems TechnologyIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.The Pennsylvania State UniversityState CollegeUSA
  3. 3.Hyosung CorporationSeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations