Advertisement

Korean Women in Leadership: Family Roles

  • Eunsun Joo
Chapter
Part of the Current Perspectives on Asian Women in Leadership book series (CPAWL)

Abstract

Korea’s strong sense of collectivism stems from the family, which emphasizes expected gender roles and responsibilities. Koreans regard how the family is managed as a mirror of how society is managed and, thus, the cultivation of leadership for women needs to start within the family. In this context, Chap. 2 presents the meaning of family in Korea, focusing on the historical and cultural characteristics of Korea that influence the social norms and psyches of Koreans. The chapter goes on to examine the roles of women’s family members and the difficulties of balancing work and family, together with the link between family and women’s leadership development. The chapter concludes by discussing the challenges and hopes women face, and suggestions to facilitate the development of leadership roles for Korean women are offered.

References

  1. Cho, H. J., & Bang, H. J. (2005). 결혼과 출산기피의 한 이유-여성의 관계역할 [A reason for Korean women’s avoidance tendency of marriage and child-bearing: Gender role stereotype]. The Korean Journal of Woman Psychology, 10(1), 95–112. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  2. Choi, W., & Katsumi, M. (2013). 한국,일본 전통가족의 역사와 현재-네트워크형 가족과 동심원형 가족의 비교 [Past and present of traditional families in Korea and Japan: A comparative study between network-type families and concentric circle-type families]. Keimyung Korean Studies Journal, 50, 193–230. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  3. Chung, W., & Das Gupta, M. (2007). The decline of son preference in South Korea: The roles of development and public policy. Population and Development Review, 33(4), 757–783.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deuchler, M. (1992). The Confucian transformation of Korea: A study of society and ideology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  5. Duncan, J. B. (2000). The origins of the Choson Dynasty. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.Google Scholar
  6. Eun, K. S. (2013). 동아시아 사회의 자녀 성 선호 [Gender preference for children in East Asia]. Family & Culture, 25(4), 1–33. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  7. Forrest, L., & Mikolaitis, N. (1986). The relational component of identity: An expansion of career development theory. Career Development Quarterly, 35, 76–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Greene, S. (2003). The psychological development of girls and women. New York, NY: Routledge Press.Google Scholar
  10. Ho, J. W. (2014). 비혼과 1인 가구 시대의 청년층 결혼 가치관 연구-혼인 및 거주형태별 비교를 중심으로 [A study of marriage values system among Korean young adults across marital status and living arrangements]. Korea Journal of Population Studies, 37(4), 25–59. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  11. Horney, K. (1945). Our inner conflict. New York, NY: Norton.Google Scholar
  12. International Monetary Fund. (2016). IMF data. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/en/Data
  13. Kang, L., Shin, K., & Park, K. (2015). 여성과 일: 일터에서 평등을 찾다 [Women and work: Find equality in workplace]. Seoul: Tongnyuk Publishing. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  14. Kessler, S. R., Spector, P. E., & Gavin, M. B. (2014). Critical look at ourselves: Do male and female professors respond the same to environment characteristics? Research in Higher Education, 55(4), 351–369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kim, H., & Hoppe-Graff, S. (2001). Mothers’ role in traditional and modern Korean families: The consequences for parental practices and adolescent socialization. Asia Pacific Education Review, 2(1), 85–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kim, K. N. (2011). 한국인의 호국정신과 국난극복 [Korean spirit for defending their own country and overcoming the national crisis]. Korean Association of National Thought, 5(2), 209–255. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  17. Kim, S. N. (2016). 이성애 비혼여성으로 살아가기-지속가능한 비혼, 젠더, 친밀성 [Never-married women’s practices of intimacy and restructuring the gender norms in Korea]. Journal of Korean Women’s Studies, 32(1), 181–217. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  18. Korea Education Research Institute. (2007). List of heads of state of Korean families made from Hangeul: 1. Kim. Seoul: Korean Education Research Institute.Google Scholar
  19. Lee, K. (1989). A new history of Korea. Seoul: Ilchokak Publishers.Google Scholar
  20. Lee, S. M. (2016). 비혼 청년층의 가족의식에 나타난 가족주의의 변형과 젠더 차이 [Transformed familism and gender difference in family attitudes among unmarried youth]. Social Science Studies, 40(3), 1–30. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  21. Lee, Y. S. (2016). 다산의 대학공의 주석을 통해 본 리더십 교육 [The leadership education of Dasan: The annotation of “Daehakkongui”]. The Research of Korean Classic, 35, 257–280. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  22. Miller, J. B. (1991). The development of women’s sense of self. In J. V. Jordan, A. G. Kaplan, I. P. Stiver, J. L. Surrey, & J. B. Miller (Eds.), Women’s growth in connection: Writings from the Stone Center (pp. 11–26). New York, NY: Guilford.Google Scholar
  23. Ministry of Employment and Labor. (2016). 남성 육아휴직 하반기에도 꾸준히 증가 추세 [Continued increase of men’s family leave for childcare]. Retrieved from https://www.moel.go.kr/view.jsp?cate=7&sec=4&smenu=null&mode=view&state=A&bbs_cd=105&idx=1478233309262&seq=1478233309262
  24. O’Brien, K. M., & Fassinger, R. E. (1993). A causal model of the career orientation and career choice of adolescent women. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40(4), 456–469.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Park, H. O. (2016). Veiling of Korean women: The neo-Confucian influence in comparison to the veiling of Muslim women. Journal of Arts & Humanities, 5(3), 1–9.Google Scholar
  26. Park, M. (2009). 한국의 혼인, 가족, 젠더 [Korean marriage, family and gender]. Seoul: Kyung-mun Sa. (in Korean).Google Scholar
  27. Peters, T. (2016). Women roar: The new economy’s hidden imperative. Retrieved from http://tompeters.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/02/Women.pdf
  28. Prime, J. L., Cartor, N. M., & Welbourne, T. M. (2009). Women “take care,” men “take charge”: Managers’ stereotypic perceptions of women and men leaders. The Psychologist-Manager Journal, 12(1), 25–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Statistics Korea. (2015a). 경제활동 인구조사 [Economically active population survey] (Data file). Seoul: Statistics Korea. Retrieved from http://kosis.kr/
  30. Statistics Korea. (2015b). 인구주택총조사 [Population census] (Data file). Seoul: Statistics Korea. Retrieved from http://census.go.kr/
  31. Statistics Korea. (2015c). 통계로 보는 여성의 삶 [Statistical analysis of Korean women’s lives]. Seoul: Statistics Korea. Retrieved from http://kostat.go.kr

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eunsun Joo
    • 1
  1. 1.Duksung Women’s UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

Personalised recommendations